The University of Southampton
Telephone:
+442380592732
Email:
chdg@ecs.soton.ac.uk

Prof. CH Kees de Groot

Academic Staff

1994-1998 Research Assistant, Philips Research Laboratories, the Netherlands
1998-2000 Research Fellow, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA
2000-2012 Assistant/Associate Professor, University of Southampton, U.K.
2012 onwards: Professor, University of Southampton, Southampton, U.K.

Research

Research interests

My main interest is the integration of novel nano-materials and devices with silicon electronics processing with particular emphasis on the semiconducting properties of oxides, chalcogenides, and carbides. Our recent breakthroughs in these areas includes the first 100 nm GeSbTe phase change memory by (non-aqueous) electrodeposition, SiC resistive memory with a record 9 orders of magnitude on/off ratio, and selective growth by chemical vapour deposition of thermo-electric materials Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3.

Pushing the boundaries of e-beam lithography and Helium ion milling to create functional structures underpins much of my additional research, resulting in magneto-electronic and plasmonic devices with sub-10 nm features and ultrafast modulation of optical and dielectric properties of ITO, AZO and VO2 by optical, electrical, and thermal methods.

Projects

Grants

ADEPT - Advanced Devices by ElectroPlaTing, EPSRC £6,331,950, Jul 16 - Jul 21

Lead Niobate-based Tunable Dielectrics for Smart Microwave and Millimeter-wave Systems, EPSRC £849,965, Oct 16 - Apr 20

Selective Chemical Vapour Deposition for Production of Thermoelectric Micro-Generators for Energy Harvesting, STFC £363,110, Oct 16 - Oct 19

Metareflector: Next generation meta-materials based optical solar reflectors, EU Horizon 2020 £208,000, Jan 16-Dec 17

Spintronic device physics in Si/Ge Heterostructures, EPSRC £424,526, Mar 12 - Feb 16

Electrical and picosecond optical control of plasmonic nanoantenna hybrid devices, EPSRC £485,881, Jun 12 - May 15

Phase Change Memory Materials via Non-Aqueous Electrodeposition into Nano-structured Templates, EPSRC £916,818, Jan 11 - Jan 15

Semi-insulating Silicon substrates for high frequency integrated circuits, EPSRC £308,697, Jul 08 - Dec 11

Metal-Free Carbon Nanotube Growth for Nanoelectronics Applications, EPSRC £573,813, Oct 06 - Mar 10

Silicon-based nanodevices "Sinano", EU FP6 £150,000, Jan 04- Oct 07

Vertical Metal Oxide Tunnel Transistors, EPSRC £103,000, Mar 03 - Mar 06

Professional

Qualifications

1994 Masters,  Physics, University of Groningen, the Netherlands
1998 Ph.D., Physics, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Duties

Director of ECS Partners Ltd

Director of Nano-electronic characterisation facilities

Publications

Kiziroglou, M.E., Zhukov, A.A., Abdelsalam, M., Li, X.L., de Groot, P., Bartlett, P.N. and de Groot, C.H. (2005) Electrodeposition of Ni-Si Schottky barriers IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 41, (10), pp. 2639-2641. (doi:10.1109/TMAG.2005.854737).

Zhukov, A.A, Kiziroglou, M.E., Goncharov, A.V., Boardman, R., Ghanem, M.A., Abdelsalam, M., Novosad, V., Karapetrov, G., Li, X., Fangohr, H., de Groot, C.H., Bartlett, P.N. and de Groot, P.A.J. (2005) Shape-induced anisotropy in antidot arrays from self-assembled templates IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 41, (10), pp. 3598-3600. (doi:10.1109/TMAG.2005.854734).

Goncharov, A.V., Zhukov, A.A., Metlushko, V.V., Bordignon, G., Fangohr, Hans, de Groot, C.H., Unguris, J., Uhlig, W.C., Karapetrov, G., Ilic, B. and de Groot, P.A.J. (2006) Anisotropy of magnetization reversal and magnetoresistance in square arrays of permalloy nano-rings IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 42, (10), pp. 2948-2950. (doi:10.1109/tmag.2006.878429).

Uchino, T., Bourdakos, K.N., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P., Kiziroglou, M.E., Dilliway, G.D. and Smith, D.C. (2005) Metal catalyst-free low-temperature carbon nanotube growth on SiGe islands Applied Physics Letters, 86, (23), 233110-[3pp]. (doi:10.1063/1.1946191).

Fangohr, Hans, Zimmermann, Jürgen P., Boardman, Richard P., Gonzalez, David C. and de Groot, Cornelis H. (2008) Numerical investigation of domain walls in constrained geometries Journal of Applied Physics, 103, (7), pp.D926. (doi:10.1063/1.2838474).

Zhukov, A.A., Kiziroglou, M.E., Goncharov, A.V., Boardman, R., Ghanem, M.A., Novosad, V., Karapetrov, G., Li, X., Fangohr, H., de Groot, C.H., Bartlett, P.N. and de Groot, P.A.J. (2005) Shape induced anisotropy in hybrid anti-dot arrays from guided self-assembly templates In Digests of the IEEE International Magnetics Conference, 2005. INTERMAG Asia 2005. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers., pp. 923-924.

Kiziroglou, M. E., Li, X., Zhukov, A. A., de Groot, P.A.J. and de Groot, C.H. (2008) Thermionic field emission at electrodeposited Ni–Si schottky barriers Solid State Electronics, 52, (7), pp. 1032-1038. (doi:10.1016/j.sse.2008.03.002).

Kiziroglou, M.E., Zhukov, A., LI, X, Gonzalez, D.C., de Groot, P.A.J., Bartlett, Philip N. and de Groot, C.H. (2006) Analysis of thermionic emission from electrodeposited Ni–Si Schottky barriers Solid State Communications, 140, (11-12), pp. 508-513. (doi:10.1016/j.ssc.2006.09.027).

Uchino, Takashi, Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., Hutchison, J.L., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, Peter (2009) Growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes using germanium nanocrystals formed by implantation Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 156, (8), K144-K148. (doi:10.1149/1.3147248).

Ayre, G.N., Uchino, T., Mazumder, B., Hector, A.L., Hutchison, J.L., Smith, D.C., Ashburn, P. and de Groot, C.H. (2011) On the mechanism of carbon nanotube formation: the role of the catalyst Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 23, (39), p. 394201. (doi:10.1088/0953-8984/23/39/394201). (PMID:21921315).

Lamb, A. C., Riley, L. S., Hall, S., Kunz, V.D., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2001) A 50nm channel vertical MOSFET concept incorporating a retrograde channel and a dielectric pocket At ESSDERC 2001. , pp. 347-350.

de Groot, C.H., Buschow, K.H.J. and Boer, F.R. de (1997) Magnetic properties of R2Co17-xAlx compounds (R=Ho,Dy,Y) Physica B, 229, p. 213.

de Groot, C.H., Buschow, K.H.J., Boer, F.R. de, Hu, Z. and Yelon, W.B. (1996) Magnetic properties of Nd2Co17-xAlx compounds studied by magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction J. Alloys Comp., 233, p. 188.

de Groot, C.H., Buschow, K.H.J., Boer, F.R. de and Kort, K. de (1998) Two powder Nd2Fe14B magnets with DyGa addition Journal of Applied Physics, 83, p. 388.

de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de, Hautot, D., Long, G.J. and Grandjean, F. (1996) Magnetic and Mossbauer spectral properties of the compound Nd6Fe13Au J. Alloys Comp., 233, p. 161.

de Groot, C.H., Buschow, K.H.J. and Boer, F.R. de (1996) Re-entrant ferromagnetism in the ThFe3-xAlx system Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 157/15, p. 641.

de Groot, C.H. and Kort, K. de (1999) Magnetoelastic anisotropy in NdFeB permanent magnets Journal of Applied Physics, 85, p. 8312.

Giovanelli, L., Moze, O., Knockelmann, W.A., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1998) Neutron diffraction and magnetization measurements of Tb2Co17-xGax intermetallics J. Alloys Comp., 177/18, p. 1044.

Hautot, D., Long, G.J., Grandjean, F., de Groot, C.H. and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) A Mossbauer spectral study of Nd6Fe13X compounds where X is Si, Cu, Ag, and Au Journal of Applied Physics, 81, p. 5435.

Hu, Z., Luo, H., Yelon, W.B., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Magnetic properties of Tb2Mn17Cx compounds studied by magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction J. Alloys Comp., 248, p. 121.

Janssen, Y, Brueck, E, de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1998) Low-temperature magnetisation and specific heat in antiferromagnetic rare-earth germanides of the type R3Ge4 Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 177/18, p. 1147.

Li, Zisen, de Groot, C.H. and Moodera, J.S. (2000) Gallium Oxide as an insulating barrier for spin-dependent tunneling junctions Appl Phys. Lett., 77, p. 3630.

Li, Q.A., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Metamagnetic behaviour of La1-xGdxFe12B6 compounds J. Alloys Comp., 256, p. 82.

Moze, O., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1996) Crystal structure and magnetic properties of CeNi11-xSix compounds J. Alloys Comp., 241, p. 124.

Moze, O., Giovanelli, L., Kockelmann, W., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1996) Structure and magnetic properties of Nd2Co17-xGax compounds studied by magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 189, p. 329.

Moze, O., Giovanelli, L., Kockelmann, W., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1998) Magnetic properties of Tb2Co17-xGax compounds studied by magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction J. Alloys Comp., 264, p. 76.

Moze, O., Giovanelli, L., Kockelmann, W., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1996) Note on the crystal structure and magnetic properties of Ce2Ni17Si9 and Ce2Co17Si9 compounds Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 235, p. 62.

Oleksyn, O., Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Ritter, C., de Groot, C.H. and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Antiferromagnetic ordering in the novel Dy3Ge4 and DyGe1.3 compounds studied by neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements J. Alloys Comp., 262/26, p. 492.

Oleksyn, O., Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Ritter, C., de Groot, C.H. and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Structure and magnetic ordering in the defect compounds ErGe1.83 J. Alloys Comp., 252, p. 53.

Oleksyn, O., Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Ritter, C., de Groot, C.H. and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Crystallographic and magnetic structure of the novel compound ErGe1.83 Physica B, 234/23, p. 652.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Fischer, P., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1996) Magnetic properties and neutron diffraction of TbMn4Al8 J. Alloys Comp., 232, p. 154.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Andre, G., Rodriguez-Carvajal, J., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1996) The magnetic ordering of the novel compound TbGe3 J. Alloys Comp., 232, p. 165.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Oleksyn, O., Ritter, C., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Canted antiferromagnetic structure of the novel compound Er3Ge4 by neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 169, p. 253.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Oleksyn, O., Ritter, C., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1999) Magnetic ordering of ErFe4Ge2 by neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 191, p. 261.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Buschow, K.H.J., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R de and Ritter, C. (2000) Magnetic ordering of the R6Fe13Sn (R=Nd,Pr) compounds studied by neutron diffraction Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 218, p. 31.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Buschow, K.H.J., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R de, Ritter, C., Fauth, F. and Boetiger, G. (1998) On the magnetic ordering of R6Fe13X compounds J. Alloys Comp., 232, p. 44.

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P., Buschow, K.H.J., de Groot, C.H., de Boer, F.R., Boetiger, G. and Ritter, C. (1999) Magnetic ordering of Pr6Fe13Si and Nd6Fe13Au studied by neutron diffraction Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 11, p. 4469.

Zhang, D., de Groot, C.H., Bruck, E., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1997) Magnetic properties of Pr2Co17-xAlx and Y2Co17-xAlx J. Alloys Comp., 259, p. 42.

Zhao, Z.G., de Groot, C.H., Boer, F.R. de and Buschow, K.H.J. (1995) Antiferromagnetic interactions in Nd6Fe12Ga2 based compounds Physica B, 211, p. 102.

Zhao, Z.G., de Groot, C.H., Bruck, E., Buschow, K.H.J. and Boer, F.R. de (1996) Magnetic anisotropy of RCo10Si2 compounds (R=Y,Gd,Dy,Ho,Er,Tm) Physica B, 228, p. 214.

Brabers, J.H.V.J., de Groot, C.H., Buschow, K.H.J. and Boer, F.R. de (1996) Susceptibility of (Gd,La)Mn2(Ge,Si)2 compounds in the magnetically ordered regime Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 57/58, pp. 639-640.

de Groot, C.H., Ouyang, Y, Koo, Sang-Mo, Kendall, E, Shu, Q Q and Moodera, J S (2002) Resonant tunnelling in Dy- or Gd-doped Al2O3 magnetic tunnel junctions Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 14, pp. 5153-5159.

Moodera, J.S., Kim, T-H, Tanaka, C. and de Groot, C.H. (2000) Spin-polarized tunneling, magnetoresistance and interfacial effects in ferromagnetic junctions Phil. Mag. B, 80, p. 195.

de Groot, C H, Kunz, V D, Ashburn, P, Donaghy, D and Hall, S (2002) Ion-implanted vertical MOSFETs At Nano and Giga challenges in Microelectronics research.

Donaghy, D.C., Hall, S., Kunz, VD, de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2002) Investigating 50nm channel length vertical MOSFETs containing a dielectric pocket in a circuit environment At ESSDERC 2002. , pp. 499-502.

de Groot, C.H., Buschow, K.H.J. and Boer, F.R. de (1998) Magnetic properties of R6Fe13-xM1+x and their hydrides Phys. Rev. B, 57, pp. 11472-11482.

de Groot, C.H. and Moodera, J.S. (2001) Growth and characterization of a novel In2Se3 structure Journal of Applied Physics, 89, (8), pp. 4336-4340.

Kunz, V.D., de Groot, C.H., Hall, S., Anteney, I.M., Abdul-Rahim, AI and Ashburn, P. (2002) Application of polycrystalline SiGe for gain control in SiGe heterojunction bipolar transistors At ESSDERC 2002. , pp. 171-174.

Kunz, V Dominik, Uchino, Takashi, de Groot, C.H.(Kees), Ashburn, Peter, Donaghy, David C, Hall, Steven, Wang, Yun and Hemment, Peter L F (2003) Reduction of Parasitic Capacitance in Vertical MOSFETs by Spacer Local Oxidation IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 50, (6), pp. 1487-1493.

Gili, E, Kunz, V D, de Groot, C H, Uchino, T, Donaghy, D, Hall, S and Ashburn, P (2003) Electrical Characteristics of Single, Double and Surround Gate Vertical MOSFETs with Reduced Overlap Capacitance At 33rd European Solid-State Device Research Conference, Portugal. , pp. 171-174.

Kunz, V Dominik, de Groot, C H, Hall, Steven and Ashburn, Peter (2003) Polycrystalline Silicon - Germanium Emitters for Gain Control, With Application to SiGe HBTs IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 50, (6), pp. 1480-1486.

Hall, S, Donaghy, D, Buiu, O, Gili, E, Uchino, T, Kunz, V D, de Groot, C H and Ashburn, P (2003) Recent developments in deca-nanometer vertical MOSFETs At Insulating Films on Semiconductors Conference. 18 - 20 Jun 2003.

Gili, E, Kunz, V D, de Groot, C H, Uchino, T, Ashburn, P, Donaghy, D C, Hall, S, Wang, Y and Hemment, P L F (2004) Single, double and surround gate vertical MOSFETs with reduced parasitic capacitance Solid State Electronics, (48), pp. 511-519.

Hall, Stephen, Buiu, Octavian, Ashburn, Peter and de Groot, C.H., Szczepanski, P(ed.) (2004) Recent developments in vertical MOSFETs and SiGe HBTs Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology, 1/2004, (1), pp. 26-34.

Donaghy, D, Hall, S, de Groot, C H, Kunz, V D and Ashburn, P (2004) Design of 50nm Vertical MOSFET Incorporating a Dielectric Pocket IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 51, (1), pp. 158-161.

Hall, S., Donaghy, S., Buiu, O., Gili, E., Uchino, T., Kunz, V.D., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2004) Recent developments in deca-nanometer vertical MOSFETs Microelectronic Engineering, 72, pp. 230-235. (doi:10.1016/j.mee.2003.12.042).

Gili, E., Kunz, V. D., Uchino, T., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2003) Realization and characterization of vertical MOSFETs with reduced parasitic capacitance At PREP, United Kingdom. 14 - 16 Apr 2003. , pp. 81-82.

Kunz, V D, de Groot, C H, Gili, E, Uchino, T, Hall, S and Ashburn, P (2004) CMOS-compatible vertical MOSFETs and logic gates with reduced parasitic capacitance. At 34th European Solid State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC), Belgium. 21 - 23 Sep 2004. , pp. 221-224.

Gili, E., Uchino, T., Hakim, M.M.A., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P. and Hall, S. (2005) A new approach to the frabrication of CMOS compatible vertical MOSFETs incorporating a dielectric pocket. At 6th International Conference on ULtimate Integration of Silicon (ULIS), Italy. 07 - 08 Apr 2005. , pp. 127-130.

Hakim, M M A, de Groot, C H, Gili, E, Uchino, T, Hall, S and Ashburn, P (2005) Effect of transition from PD to FD operation on the depletion isolation effect in vertical MOSFETs At 6th International Conference on ULtimate Integration of Silicon (ULIS), Italy. 07 - 08 Apr 2005. , pp. 131-134.

Hakim, M. M. A., Ashburn, Peter, de Groot, C.H., Gili, E., Uchino, T. and Hall, S. (2005) Germanium seeded crystallisation of alpha-Si for application in 3D integration At Proceedings of PREP,, United Kingdom.

Mallik, Kanad, Chong, Lit Ho and de Groot, Kees (2004) Observation of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling for room temperature operation of the vertical metal-oxide tunnel transistor At IVC-16 (16th International Vacuum Congress), Italy. 28 Jun - 02 Jul 2004.

Uchino, T., Bourdakos, K.N., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P., Kiziroglou, M.E., Dilliway, G.D. and Smith, D.C. (2005) Metal catalyst-free low-temperature carbon nanotube growth on SiGe islands Applied Physics Letters, 86, (23), p. 233110.

Uchino, T., Bourdakos, K.N., Ashburn, P., de Groot, C.H., Kiziroglou, M.E. and Smith, D.C. (2005) Catalyst free low temperature direct growth of carbon nanotubes on SiGe islands and Ge quantum dots At 6th International Conference on the Science and Application of Nanotubes, NT05, Sweden. 26 Jun - 01 Jul 2005.

Uchino, T., Bourdakos, K.N., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P., Wang, S., Kiziroglou, M.E., Dilliway, G.D. and Smith, D.C. (2005) Catalyst free low temperature, direct growth of carbon nanotubes At IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology, IEEE-NANO, Japan. 11 - 15 Jul 2005.

Kiziroglou, Michail E., Zhukov, Alexander A., Abdelsalam, Mamdouh, Li, Xiaoli, de Groot, P.A.J., Bartlett, Philip and de Groot, Cornelis H. (2005) Electrodeposition of Ni-Si Schottky Barriers IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 41, (10), pp. 2639-2641.

Zhukov, Alexander A., Kiziroglou, Michail E., Goncharov, A. V., Boardman, R., Ghanem, M. A., Abdelsalam, M., Novosad, V., Karapetrov, G., Li, Xiaoli, Fangohr, H., de Groot, C. H., Bartlett, P. N. and de Groot, P. A. J. (2005) Shape-Induced Anisotropy in Antidot Arrays From Self-Assembled Templates IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 41, (10), pp. 3598-3600.

Kiziroglou, Michail E., Zhukov, Alexander A., Abdelsalam, Mamdouh, Li, Xiaoli, de Groot, Peter A.J., Bartlett, Philip N. and de Groot, C.H., (2005) Electrodeposition of Ni-Si Schottky Barriers Inoue, J. (ed.) At The 2005 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG 2005), Japan. 04 - 08 Apr 2005.

Zhukov, Alexander A., Kiziroglou, Michail E., Goncharov, A. V., Boardman, R., Ghanem, M. A., Novosad, V., Karapetrov, G., Li, Xiaoli, Fangohr, H., de Groot, C. H., Bartlett, P. N. and de Groot, P.A.J., (2005) Shape induced anisotropy in hybrid anti-dot arrays from guided self-assembly templates. Hillebrands, B. (ed.) At The 2005 IEEE International Magnetics Conference. 04 - 08 Apr 2005.

Chong, LH, Mallik, K, de Groot, CH and Kersting, R (2006) The structural and electrical properties of thermally grown TiO2 thin films Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 18, pp. 645-657.

Bourdakos, K. N., Smith, D. C., Uchino, T., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P., Kiziroglou, M. E. and Dilliway, G. (2005) Catalyst free low temperature carbon nanotube growth on SiGe islands Nanotechnology in Carbon and Related Materials (Brighton, UK)

Bourdakos, K. N., Uchino, T., De Groot, C.H., Ashburn, Peter, Kiziroglou, M. E., Dilliway, G. and Smith, D. C. (2005) Catalyst-free low temperature carbon nanotube growth on SiGe islands Physics 2005, An Institute of Physics conference (Warwick, UK)

Bourdakos, K. N., Smith, D. C., Uchino, T., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, Peter, Kiziroglou, M. E. and Dilliway, G. (2005) Catalyst free low temperature carbon nanotube growth on SiGe islands PREP (Lancaster, UK)

Mallik, Kanad, de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P. and Wilshaw, P.R. (2006) Semi-insulating silicon by deep level doping for radio frequency applications At 15th Surrey Ion Beam Centre Users' Workshop, United Kingdom.

Hakim, M.M.A., de Groot, C. H., Gili, E., Uchino, T., Hall, S. and Ashburn, P. (2006) Depletion isolation effect in Vertical MOSFETS during transition from partial to fully depleted operation IEEE Transaction on Electron Devices, 53, (4), pp. 929-933.

Chong, Lit Ho, Mallik, Kanad and de Groot, C. H. (2005) The vertical metal insulator semiconductor tunnel transistor: A proposed Fowler-Nordheim tunneling device Microelectronic Engineering, 81, (2-4), pp. 171-180.

Uchino, T., Bourdakos, K.N., Ashburn, P., de Groot, C.H., Kiziroglou, M.E. and Smith, D.C. (2005) Catalyst free low temperature direct growth of carbon nanotubes on SiGe islands and Ge quantum dots At NT05: 6th International Conference on the Science and Application of Nanotubes, Sweden. 26 Jun - 02 Jul 2005.

Gili, E., Kunz, D., Uchino, T., Hakim, M.M.A., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P. and Hall, S. (2006) Asymmetric gate induced drain leakage and body leakage in vertical MOSFETs with reduced parasitic capacitance IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 53, (5), pp. 1080-1087.

Uchino, T., Bourdakos, K.N., de Groot, C.H., Smith, D.C. and Ashburn, P. (2006) Growth of SiOx nanowires on Ge nanodots At NT06: 7th International conference on the science and application of nanotubes, Japan. 18 - 23 Jun 2006.

Mallik, K., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P. and Wilshaw, P.R. (2006) Semi insulating Czochralski silicon for radio frequency applications Applied Physics Letters, 89, p. 112122.

Uchino, T., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P., Bourdakos, K.N. and Smith, D.C. (2006) Ge catalysed vapour liquid solid growth of carbon nanotubes At European Solid State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC), Switzerland. 19 - 21 Sep 2006. , pp. 214-217.

Mallik, K., de Groot, C.H., Ashburn, P. and Wilshaw, P.R. (2006) Semi-insulating Czochralski silicon for radio frequency applications At European Solid State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC), Switzerland. 19 - 21 Sep 2006. , pp. 435-438.

Kiziroglou, M.E., Li, X., Gonzalez, D.C., de Groot, C.H., Zhukov, A.A., de Groot, P.A.J. and Bartlett, P.N. (2006) Orientation and symmetry control of inverse sphere magnetic nanoarrays by guided self-assembly Journal of Applied Physics, 100, (11), pp. 113720-113725. (doi:10.1063/1.2386936).

Kiziroglou, M.E., Zhukov, A.A., Li, X., Gonzalez, D.C., de Groot, P.A.J., Bartlett, P.N. and de Groot, C.H. (2006) Analysis of thermionic emission from electrodeposited Ni–Si Schottky barriers Solid State Communications, 140, pp. 508-513.

Mallik, K, de Groot, C H, Ashburn, P and Wilshaw, P R (2006) Enhancement of resistivity of Czochralski silicon by deep level manganese doping Applied Physics Letters, 89, (11), pp. 112122-1. (doi:10.1063/1.2349836).

Gonzalez, D.C., Kiziroglou, M.E., Li, X., Zhukov, A.A., Fangohr, H., de Groot, P.A.J., Bartlett, Philip and de Groot, C.H. (2007) Long range ordering in self-assembled Ni arrays on patterned Si Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 316, (2), e78-e81. (doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2007.02.059).

Goncharev, A.V., Zhukov, A.A., Metlushko, V.V., Bordignon, G., Fangohr, H., de Groot, C.H., Unguris, J., Uhlig, W.C., Karapetrov, G., Ilic, B. and de Groot, P.A.J. (2006) Anisotropy of Magnetization Reversal and Magnetoresistance in Square Arrays of Permalloy Nano-Rings IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS,, 42, (10), pp. 2948-2950.

Hakim, M. M. A., de Groot, C.H., Gili, E., Uchino, T., Hall, S. and Ashburn, Peter (2005) Effect of transition from PD to FD operation on the depletion isolation effect in vertical MOSFETs At 6th International Conference on ULtimate Integration of Silicon (ULIS), Italy. , pp. 131-134.

Gili, E., Uchino, T., Hakim, M.M.A., de Groot, C.H., Buiu, O., Hall, S. and Ashburn, Peter (2006) Shallow junctions on pillar sidewalls for Sub-100-nm vertical MOSFETs IEEE Electron Device Letters, 27, (8), pp. 692-695. (doi:10.1109/LED.2006.879031).

Hakim, M. M. A., de Groot, C.H., Gili, E., Uchino, T., Hall, S. and Ashburn, Peter (2006) Depletion-Isolation Effect in Vertical MOSFETs During the Transition From Partial to Fully Depleted Operation IEEE Transaction on Electron Devices, 53, (4), pp. 929-933.

Kiziroglou, M.E., Zhukov, A.A., Li, X., Gonzalez, D.C., Abdelsalam, M., Bartlett, P.N., de Groot, P.A.J. and de Groot, C.H. (2006) Transport mechanisms at Ni-Si Schottky barriers for spin injection. At The 2006 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG 2006), United States. 08 - 12 May 2006. , p. 123.

Fangohr, Hans, Zimmermann, Jürgen P., Boardman, Richard P., C. Gonzalez, David and de Groot, Cornelis H. (2008) Numerical investigation of domain walls in constrained geometries Journal of Applied Physics, 103, 07D926.

Li, X., Husain, Muhammad K, Claudio Gonzalez, David, Zhukov, A. A., Bartlett, P. N., de Groot, P.A.J. and de Groot, Kees (2006) Transport Mechanisms at Ni-Si Schottky Barriers for Spin Injection At III Joint European Magnetic Symposia (JEMS), Spain. 26 - 30 Jun 2006.

Li, X., Gonzalez, D. C., Zhukov, A. A., Kiziroglou, M. E., Bartlett, P. N., de Groot, P.A.J., Fangohr, H. and de Groot, C.H. (2006) Magnetic Domain Structures in Self-assembled Ni Anti-dot Stripes on Si At III Joint European Magnetic Symposia (JEMS'06), Spain. 26 - 30 Jun 2006.

Claudio Gonzalez, David, Li, Xiaoli, Zhukov, A. A., Kiziroglou, Michail, Barttlet, P. N., de Groot, P. A. J., Fangohr, H. and de Groot, Kees (2006) Magnetic Domain Structures in Self-assembled Ni Antidot Stripes on Si At Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (CMMP), United Kingdom. 20 - 21 Apr 2006.

Claudio Gonzalez, David, Kiziroglou, Michail, Li, Xiaoli, Zhukov, A. A, Fangohr, H., de Groot, P. A. J., Bartlett, P. N. and de Groot, Kees (2006) Orientation, symmetry control and long range ordering in self-assembled Ni arrays on patterned Si At INternational Workshop on Nanomagnets by Self-organization, Austria. 08 - 11 Oct 2006.

Claudio Gonzalez, David, de Groot, Kees, Bordignon, G., Fischbacher, T., Franchin, M. and Fanghor, H. (2008) Fabrication and simulation of Nanostructures for magnetoresistance studies on Ni At IEEE Magnetics Society Summer School, United States. 02 - 08 Aug 2008.

Claudio Gonzalez, David, Husain, Muhammad, de Groot, Kees, Bordignon, G., Fischbacher, T and Fangohr, H. (2008) Fabrication of magnetic Ni nanostructures for magnetoresistance studies At Joint European Magnetic Symposia (JEMS). 14 - 19 Sep 2008.

Li, X., Gonzalez, D. C., Kiziroglou, M. E, Zhukov, A. A., Bartlett, P. N., de Groot, P.A.J. and de Groot, C. H. (2007) Nano Inverse Sphere Ni Arrays by Guided Self-assembly At 10th Joint Intermag-MMM, United States. 07 - 11 Jan 2007.

Li, X., Kiziroglou, M. E., Husain, M. K., Zhukov, A. A., de Groot, P.A.J. and de Groot, C. H. (2007) Transport Mechanisms at Ferromagnet-Si Schottky barrier contact for spin injection At WUN-SPIN 2007, United Kingdom. 07 - 10 Aug 2007.

Kiziroglou, M. E., Li, X., Zhukov, A. A., de Groot, P.A.J. and de Groot, C. H. (2008) Thermionic field emission at electrodeposited Ni–Si Schottky barriers Solid-State Electronics, 52, (7), pp. 1032-1038.

Li, Xiaoli V., Milhano, Clelia A., Cole, Robin M., Bartlett, Phil N., Baumberg, Jeremy J. and de Groot, Cornelis H. (2008) Fabrication of Nano-Structured Gold Arrays by Guided Self-assembly for Plasmonics Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1077E

Husain, M. K., Li, X. and de Groot, C.H. (2008) High quality NiGe/Ge diodes for Schottky barrier MOSFETs At E-MRS Spring Meeting,, France.

Husain, M. K., Li, X. and de Groot, C. H. (2008) High quality Schottky contacts for limiting leakage currents in Ge based Schottky barrier MOSFETs At UK Semiconductors, United Kingdom.

Husain, M. K., Li, X. and de Groot, C. H. (2009) High Quality Schottky Contacts for Limiting Leakage Currents in Ge Based Schottky Barrier MOSFETs IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 56, (3), pp. 499-504.

Husain, M. K., Li, X and de Groot, C.H. (2007) A study on Ge based spin-LED for spintronic applications. At Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, United Kingdom. 12 - 13 Apr 2007.

Husain, Muhammad, Li, Xiaoli and de Groot, C.H. (2008) High-quality NiGe/Ge diodes for Schottky barrier MOSFETs Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 11, pp. 305-309.

Claudio Gonzalez, David, Husain, Muhammad Khaled, de Groot, Kees, Bordignon, Giuliano, Fischbacher, Thomas and Fangohr, Hans (2010) Fabrication and simulation of nanostructures for domain wall magnetoresistance studies on nickel Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 322, pp. 1467-1470. (doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2009.02.142).

Husain, Muhammad, Li, Xiaoli and de Groot, Kees (2009) Electrical Spin Injection and Extraction in Si in a Vertical Transport Geometry At IEEE International Magnetics Conference, United States.

Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., Mazumder, B., Hector, J., Uchino, T., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2007) CMOS compatible synthesis of carbon nanotubes At Materials Research Society Conference, United States. 24 - 28 Mar 2007.

Husain, Muhammad, Li, Xiaoli and de Groot, Kees (2009) A Vertical Transport Geometry for Electrical Spin Injection and Extraction in Si Solid State Communications, 149, pp. 1565-1568.

Li, Xiaoli, Husain, Muhammad, Kiziroglou, Michail and de Groot, Kees (2009) Inhomogeneous Ni/Ge Schottky barriers due to variation in Fermi-level pinning Microelectronic Engineering, 86, (7-9), pp. 1599-1602.

Li, X.V., Cole, R.M., Milhano, C.A., Bartlett, P.N ., Baumberg, J.J., Soares, B.F . and de Groot, C.H. (2009) The fabrication of plasmonic Au nano-void trench arrays by guided self-assembly Nanotechnology, 20, (28), pp. 285309-285316. (doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/28/285309).

Husain, Muhammad, Li, Xiaoli V. and de Groot, Cornelis H. (2009) Observation of negative differential conductance in a reverse-biased Ni/Ge Schottky diode IEEE Electron Device Letters, 30, (9), pp. 966-968. (doi:10.1109/LED.2009.2025673).

Hakim, M.M.A., Mallik, K., de Groot, C.H., Redman-White, W, Tan, L., Hall, S. and Ashburn, P. (2009) A self-aligned silicidation technology for surround-gate vertical MOSFETS At 39th European Solid-State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC 2009), Greece. 14 - 18 Sep 2009.

Usgaocar, Ashwin and de Groot, Kees (2009) Electrodeposited PdNi as possible ferromagnetic contacts for Carbon nanotubes. Physica Status Solidi C, 247, (4), pp. 888-891.

Uchino, T., Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., Hutchison, J.L., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2009) Fe/Ge catalyzed carbon nanotube growth on HfO2 for nano-sensor applications Proceedings of the 39th European Solid-State Device Research Conference. ESSDERC 2009, pp. 197-200.

Hakim, M.M.A., Mallik, K., de Groot, C.H., Redman-White, W., Ashburn, P., Tan, L. and Hall, S. (2009) A self-aligned silicidation technology for surround gate vertical MOSFETs At European Solid State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC), Greece. 14 - 18 Sep 2009. 4 pp, pp. 978-981.

Uchino, T., Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., Hutchison, J.L., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2009) Fe/Ge catalyzed carbon nanotube growth on HfO2 for nanosensor applications At IEEE Solid State Devices & Materials (SSDM) Conference, Japan. 07 - 09 Oct 2009.

Ayre, G.N., Uchino, Takashi, Mazumder, M, Hector, A.L., Smith, D.C., Ashburn, Peter, de Groot, Kees and Hutchinson, J.L. (2010) Chemical Vapour Deposition of CNTs Using Structural Nanoparticle Catalysts In, Carbon Nanotubes. INTECH pp. 19-39.

Tan, L., Hakim, M.M.A., Connor, S., Bousquet, A., de Groot, C.H., Redman-White, W, Hall, S. and Ashburn, P. (2010) Compact model extraction issues of nonstandard CMOS compatible vertical MOSFETs At 10th International Conference on ULtimate Integration of Silicon (ULIS), United Kingdom. 17 - 19 Mar 2010.

Shen, C., Trypiniotis, T., Lee, K.Y., Holmes, S.N., Mansell, R., Husain, M., Shah, V., Li, X.V., Kurebayashi, H, Farrer, I, de Groot, C H, Leadley, D R, Bell, G, Parker, E H C, Whall, T, Ritchie, D A and Barnes, C H W (2010) Spin transport in Germanium at room temperature Applied Physics Letters, 97, (162104), pp. 1-3. (doi:10.1063/1.3505337).

Hakim, M.M.A., Tan, L., Abuelgasim, A., de Groot, C.H., Redman-White, W., Hall, S. and Ashburn, P. (2010) Self-aligned silicidation of surround gate vertical MOSFETs for low cost RF applications IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 57, (12), pp. 3318-3326. (doi:10.1109/TED.2010.2082293).

Uchino, T., Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., Hutchison, J.L., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2010) Metal-Catalyst-Free Growth of Carbon Nanotubes for CMOS Integration At IEEE Solid State Device Meeting, Japan. 22 - 24 Sep 2010.

Abuelgasim, Ahmed, Mallik, Kanad, de Groot, Kees, Ashburn, Peter, Jordan, D.M. and Wilshaw, P.R. (2010) High-resistivity Czochralski-silicon using Deep Level Doping Compensation At ESSDERC 2010, Spain.

Mallik, Kanad, Abuelgasim, Ahmed, Ashburn, Peter and de Groot, Kees (2010) Deep level dopant compensated Czochralski silicon substrates for MMICs At ARMMS RF & Microwave Society Conference.

de Groot, Kees, Li, Xiaoli and Husain, Muhammad (2010) Electrodeposited Ni-Ge Schottky barriers: Fermi-level pinning, Negative Differential Conductance, Germanides, and Spin Transport At 3rd International Conference on Spintronic Materials and Technology.

Wang, Yudong, Claudio-Gonzalez, D., Fangohr, H. and de Groot, Kees (2010) Magneto-resistance in a lithography defined single constrained domain wall spin valve Applied Physics Letters, 97, pp. 262501-262503. (doi:10.1063/1.3531666).

Usgaocar, Ashwin, de Groot, Kees, Boulart, C. and Chavagnac, V.M.C. (2010) Low Power Hydrogen Sensors Using Electrodeposited PdNi Schottky Diodes At Eursosensors, Austria.

Uchino, Takashi, Ayre, G., Smith, D. C., Hutchison, J. L., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, Peter (2010) Growth of Carbon Nanotubes on HfO2 towards Highly Sensitive Nano-Sensors Jpn. J. Appl. Phys, 49, 04DN11-1-04DN11-4.

Uchino, Takashi, Hutchison, J. L., Ayre, G., Smith, D.C., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, Peter (2011) Metal-catalyst-free growth of silica nanowires and carbon nanotubes using Ge nanostructures Jpn. J. Appl. Phys, 50, (4)

Uchino, T., Ayre, G., Smith, D.C., Hutchison, J.L., de Groot, C.H. (Kees) and Ashburn, P. (2011) Metal-catalyst-free growth of carbon nanotubes and their application in field-effect transistors Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 14, (4), K21-K23.

Hakim, M.M.A., Abuelgasim, A., Tan, L., de Groot, C.H., Redman-White, W., Hall, S. and Ashburn, P. (2011) Improved drive current in RF vertical MOSFETS using hydrogen anneal IEEE Electron Device Letters, 32, (3), pp. 279-281. (doi:10.1109/LED.2010.2101042).

Uchino, T., Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., Hutchison, J.L., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2011) Metal catalyst-free growth of carbon nanotubes and their application in field effect transitors Electrochemical Society Letters, 156, (8), k144-k148.

Usgaocar, A.R., de Groot, C.H., Boulart, Cédric, Castillo, Alain and Chavagnac, Valérie (2012) Low power hydrogen gas sensors using electrodeposited PdNi-Si Schottky diodes [in special issue: Eurosensors XXIV, 2010] Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 170, pp. 176-181. (doi:10.1016/j.snb.2011.06.022).

Husain, Muhammad, Li, Xiaoli and de Groot, Kees (2009) Electrodeposited Ni/Ge contacts for limiting leakage currents in Schottky barrier MOSFETs At International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium, United States. 09 - 11 Dec 2009.

Johari, Z., Schmidt, Marek E., de Groot, Kees, Ismail, R. and Chong, Harold (2011) Raman Spectroscopy and Electrical Characterisation of Reactive Ion Etched Multilayer Graphene At Micro and Nano Engineering, Germany. 19 - 23 Sep 2011.

Uchino, T., Hutchinson, J. L., Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., de Groot, Kees and Ashburn, Peter (2011) Metal-Catalyst-Free Growth of Silica Nanowires and Carbon Nanotubes Using Ge Nanostructures Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 50, (04DN02)

Ayre, G.N., Uchino, T., Mazunder, B., Hector, A.L., Hutchinson, J.L., Smith, D.C., Ashburn, Peter and de Groot, Kees (2011) On the mechanism of carbon nanotube formation: the role of the catalyst Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 23, (394201)

Abuelgasim, A., Mallik, Kanad, Ashburn, P. and de Groot, C. H. (2011) Fabrication of low loss coplanar waveguides on gold-doped Czochralski-silicon In Bioelectronics, Biomedical, and Bioinspired Systems V; and Nanotechnology V. The International Society for Optical Engineering., p. 806811. (doi:10.1117/12.886552).

Wang, Yudong, Boden, S.A., Bagnall, D.M., Rutt, H.N. and de Groot, C.H. (2012) Helium ion beam milling to create a nano-structured domain wall magnetoresistance spin valve Nanotechnology, 23, pp. 395302-1. (doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/39/395302).

Abb, Martina, Wang, Yudong, Albella, Pablo, de Groot, C.H., Aizpurua, Javier and Muskens, Otto (2012) Interference, coupling, and nonlinear control of high-order modes in single asymmetric nanoantennas ACS Nano, 6, (7), pp. 6462-6470. (doi:10.1021/nn3021579). (PMID:22708624).

de Groot, C.H., Gurnani, Chitra, Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Jura, Marek, Levason, William and Reid, Gillian (2012) Highly selective chemical vapor deposition of tin diselenide thin films onto patterned substrates via single source diselenoether precursors Chemistry of Materials, 22, (24), pp. 4442-4449. (doi:10.1021/cm302864x).

Bartlett, Philip N., Cook, David A., de Groot, C.H., Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Jolleys, Andrew, Kissling, Gabriela P., Levason, William, Pearce, Stuart and Reid, Gillian (2013) Non-aqueous electrodeposition of metals and metalloids from halometallate salts RSC Advances, 3, (36), pp. 15645-15654. (doi:10.1039/c3ra40739j).

Dong, Longtao, de Groot, C.H., Usgaocar, A. and Chavagnac, V. (2012) Electro-deposited PdNi-Si Schottky barrier hydrogen sensors with improved time response At Eurosensors 2012: The 26th European Conference on Solid-State Transducers, Poland. 09 - 12 Sep 2012. , 37 - 40. (doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2012.09.078).

George, Kathryn, de Groot, Cornelis H., Gurnani, Chitra, Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Jura, Marek, Levason, William, Reid, Gillian and Huang, R (2013) Telluroether and Selenoether complexes as single source reagents for low pressure chemical vapor deposition of crystalline Ga2Te3 and Ga2Se3 thin films Chemistry of Materials, 25, (9), pp. 1829-1836. (doi:10.1021/cm400382j).

Huang, Ruomeng, Bartlett, Philip N., Benjamin, Sophie L., Gurnani, Chitra, Hector, Andrew L., Jolleys, Andrew, Kissling, G., Levason, William, Pearce, Stuart, Reid, Gillian and de Groot, C.H. (2013) Selective deposition of phase change materials by chemical vapor deposition and electrodeposition At European Phase Change and Ovonics Symposium, Germany. 08 - 10 Sep 2013.

Wang, Yudong, Abb, Martina, Boden, Stuart, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2013) Controlled fabrication of plasmonic nanogaps using electron beam lithography and helium-ion beam milling At 39th International Conference on Micro and Nano Engineering, United Kingdom. 16 - 19 Sep 2013.

Wang, Yudong, Boden, Stuart, Bagnall, Darren, Rutt, H.N. and de Groot, C.H. (2012) Helium ion beam milling and electron beam lithography to create sub-20nm sized domain wall magnetoresistance spin-valve At 38th International Micro & Nano Engineering Conference, France. 16 - 20 Sep 2012.

Wang, Yudong, de Groot, C.H., Fangohr, H. and Gonzalez Diaz, C. (2011) Magneto-resistance in a lithography defined single constrained domain wall spin valve At IEEE Asia International Magnetics Conference, Taiwan, Province of China. 25 - 29 Apr 2011.

Wang, Y., de Groot, C.H., Claudio-González, D. and Charlton, M.D.B. (2011) Single domain wall magnetoresistance electron-beam fabrication and magnetoresistance measurement In, Spintronics IV. Bellingham, US, The International Society for Optical Engineering 81000P. (Proceedings of SPIE, 8100). (doi:10.1117/12.892299).

Dong, L., de Groot, C.H., Usgaocar, A. and Chavagnac, V. (2013) Effect of interfacial PdNi concentration on time response of Si-based electrodeposited hydrogen sensors At Transducers 2013 & Eurosensors XXVII: The 17th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems, Spain. 16 - 20 Jun 2013. 4 pp.

Benjamin, Sophie, de Groot, C.H., Gurnani, Chitra, Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Ignatyev, Konstantin, Levason, William, Pearce, Stuart, Thomas, Fiona and Reid, Gillian (2013) Area selective growth of titanium diselenide thin films into micropatterned substrates by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition Chemistry of Materials, 25, (23), pp. 4719-4724. (doi:10.1021/cm402422e).

George, Kathryn, de Groot, C. H., Gurnani, Chitra, Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Jura, M., Levason, William and Reid, Gillian (2013) Low pressure chemical vapour deposition of crystalline Ga2Te3 and Ga2Se3 thin films from single source precursors using telluroether and selenoether complexes Physics Procedia, 46, pp. 142-148. (doi:10.1016/j.phpro.2013.07.056).

Abb, Martina, Wang, Yudong, Papasimakis, Nikitas, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2014) Surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy using metal oxide plasmonic antenna arrays Nano Letters, 14, (1), pp. 346-352. (doi:10.1021/nl404115g).

Benjamin, Sophie L., de Groot, C.H., Gurnani, Chitra, Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Koukharenko, Elena, Levason, William and Reid, Gillian (2014) Controlling the nanostructure of bismuth telluride by selective chemical vapour deposition from a single source precursor Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2, (14), pp. 4865-4869. (doi:10.1039/c4ta00341a).

Zhong, Le, Reed, P.A.S., Huang, Ruomeng, de Groot, C.H. and Jiang, Liudi (2014) Amorphous SiC based non-volatile resistive memories with ultrahigh ON/OFF ratios Microelectronic Engineering, 119, pp. 61-64. (doi:10.1016/j.mee.2014.02.004).

Zhong, Le, Reed, P.A.S., Huang, Ruomeng, de Groot, C.H. and Jiang, Liudi (2014) Resistive switching of Cu/SiC/Au memory devices with a high ON/OFF ratio Solid-State Electronics, 94, pp. 98-102. (doi:10.1016/j.sse.2014.02.013).

Wang, Yudong, Abb, Martina, Boden, Stuart A., Aizpurua, Javier, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2013) Ultrafast Nonlinear control of progressively loaded, single plasmonic nanoantennas fabricated using helium ion milling Nano Letters, 13, (11), pp. 5647-5653. (doi:10.1021/nl403316z). (PMID:24127754).

Wang, Yudong, Abb, Martina, Boden, Stuart A., Aizpurua, Javier, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2014) Ultrafine control of partially loaded single plasmonic nanoantennas fabricated using e-beam lithography and helium ion beam milling At CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science: Photonic Crystals and Complex Plasmonic Nanostructures (FF1K), United States. 08 - 13 Jun 2014. , FF1K.1-FF1K.2. (doi:10.1364/CLEO_QELS.2014.FF1K.1).

Wang, Yudong, Abb, Martina, Papasimakis, Nikitas, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2014) Surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy using ultra-compact indium tin oxide (ITO) sensor arrays At CLEO: Science and Innovations: Nano-, Micro-, and Waveguide-sensing (SM3E), United States. 09 - 13 Jun 2014. , SM3E.7 -SM3E.9. (doi:10.1364/CLEO_SI.2014.SM3E.7).

Black, Leo-Jay, Wang, Yudong, de Groot, C.H., Arbouet, Arnaud and Muskens, Otto L. (2014) Optimal polarization conversion in coupled dimer plasmonic nanoantennas for metasurfaces ACS Nano, 8, (6), pp. 6390-6399. (doi:10.1021/nn501889s).

Huang, R., Sun, K., Kiang, K.S., Chen, R., Wang, Y., Gholipour, B., Hewak, D.W. and de Groot, C.H. (2014) Contact resistance measurement of Ge2Sb2Te5 phase change material to TiN electrode by spacer etched nanowire Semiconductor Science and Technology, 29, (9), p. 95003. (doi:10.1088/0268-1242/29/9/095003).

Huang, Ruomeng, Sun, Kai, Kiang, Kian Shen, Chen, Ruiqi, Wang, Yudong, Gholipour, Behrad, Hewak, Daniel W., Hector, Andrew L., Reid, Gillian and de Groot, C.H. (2013) A novel top-down fabrication process for Ge2Sb2Te5 phase change material nanowires At 13th Non-Volatile Memory Technology Symposium (NVMTS), United States. 12 - 14 Aug 2013. , pp. 2-5. (doi:10.1109/NVMTS.2013.6851047).

Uchino, T., Shimpo, F., Kawashima, T., Ayre, G.N., Smith, D.C., de Groot, C.H. and Ashburn, P. (2014) Electrical transport properties of isolated carbon nanotube/Si heterojunction Schottky diodes Applied Physics Letters, 103, (19), pp. 1-3. (doi:10.1063/1.4829155).

Abb, Martina, Wang, Yudong, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2014) Hotspot-mediated ultrafast nonlinear control of multifrequency plasmonic nanoantennas Nature Communications, 5, (4869), pp. 1-8. (doi:10.1038/ncomms5869).

Huang, R., Chen, R., Gholipour, B., Kiang, K.S., Sun, K., Wang, Y. and de Groot, C.H. (2013) Determination of specific contact resistance of Ge2Sb2Te5 phase change materials by spacer etched nanowires At 13th Non-Volatile Memory Technology Symposium, United States. 12 - 14 Aug 2013.

Zhong, Le, Jiang, Liudi, Huang, Ruomeng and de Groot, C.H. (2014) Nonpolar resistive switching in Cu/SiC/Au non-volatile resistive memory devices Applied Physics Letters, 104, (9), p. 93507. (doi:10.1063/1.4867198).

Benjamin, Sophie L., de Groot, C.H., Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Koukharenko, Elena, Levason, William and Reid, Gillian (2015) Chemical vapour deposition of antimony chalcogenides with positional and orientational control: precursor design and substrate selectivity Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 3, pp. 423-430. (doi:10.1039/C4TC02327G).

Morgan, K., Huang, R., Pearce, S., Zhong, L., Jiang, L. and de Groot, C.H. (2014) Effect of stoichiometry of TiN electrode on the switching behavior of TiN/HfOx/TiN structures for resistive RAM At 2013 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit, United States. 01 - 06 Dec 2013. (doi:10.1557/opl.2014.218).

Morgan, Katrina, Huang, Ruomeng, Potter, Kenneth, Shaw, Chris, Redman-White, William and de Groot, Kees (2014) Total dose hardness of TiN/HfOx/TiN resistive random access memory IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 61, (6), pp. 1-6. (doi:10.1109/TNS.2014.2365058).

Bartlett, Philip N., Benjamin, Sophie L., de Groot, C.H. (Kees), Hector, Andrew L., Huang, Ruomeng, Jolleys, Andrew, Kissling, Gabriela, Levason, William, Pearce, Stuart J., Reid, Gillian and Wang, Yudong (2015) Non-aqueous electrodeposition of functional semiconducting metal chalcogenides: Ge2Sb2Te5phase change memory Materials Horizons, 2, (4), pp. 420-426. (doi:10.1039/C5MH00030K).

Gregory, Simon A., Wang, Yudong, de Groot, C.H. and Muskens, Otto L. (2015) Extreme Subwavelength Metal Oxide Direct and Complementary Metamaterials ACS Photonics, 2, (5), pp. 606-614. (doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00089).

Morgan, Katrina, Fan, Junqing, Huang, Ruomeng, Zhong, Le, Gowers, Robert, Jiang, Liudi and de Groot, C.H. (2015) Switching kinetics of SiC resistive memory for harsh environments AIP Advances, 5, (7), 077121-[7pp]. (doi:10.1063/1.4926674).

Potter, Kenneth, Morgan, Katrina, Shaw, Chris, Ashburn, Peter, Redman-White, William and de Groot, Kees (2014) Total ionizing dose response of fluorine implanted silicon-on-insulator buried oxide Microelectronics Reliability, 54, (9-10), pp. 2339-2343. (doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2014.07.018).

Huang, Ruomeng, Benjamin, Sophie, Gurnani, Chitra, Wang, Yudong, Hector, Andrew, Levason, William, Reid, Gillian and De Groot, Cornelis (2015) Nanoscale arrays of antimony telluride single crystals by selective chemical vapour deposition University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/383539 [Dataset]

Huang, Ruomeng, Kissling, Gabriela, Jolleys, Andrew, Bartlett, Philip, Hector, Andrew, Levason, William, Reid, Gillian and de Groot, Cornelis (2015) Phase-change memory properties of electrodeposited Ge-Sb-Te thin film Nanoscale Research Letters, 10, pp. 1-7. (doi:10.1186/s11671-015-1136-4).

Black, Leo-Jay, Wiecha, Peter R., Wang, Yudong, de Groot, C. H., Paillard, Vincent, Girard, Christian, Muskens, Otto L. and Arbouet, Arnaud (2015) Tailoring second-harmonic generation in single L-shaped plasmonic nanoantennas from the capacitive to conductive coupling regime ACS Photonics, 2, (11), pp. 1592-1601. (doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00358).

Fan, Junqing, Jiang, Liudi, Zhong, Le, Gowers, Robert, Morgan, Katrina and De Groot, Cornelis (2016) Microstructure and electrical properties of co-sputtered Cu embedded amorphous SiC University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/388275 [Dataset]

Muskens, Otto, Bergamini, Luca, WANG, YUDONG, Gaskell, Jeffrey M., Zabala, Nerea, De Groot, Cornelis, Sheel, David W. and Aizpurua, Javier (2016) Dataset for Antenna-assisted picosecond control of nanoscale phase-transition in vanadium dioxide University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/392922 [Dataset]

Fan, Junqing, Jiang, Liudi, Zhong, Le, Gowers, Robert P., Morgan, Katrina and de Groot, C.H. (2016) Microstructure and electrical properties of co-sputtered Cu embedded amorphous SiC Materials Letters, 178, pp. 60-63. (doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.144).

Morgan, Katrina, de Groot, Kees and Huang, Ruomeng (2014) The effect of atomic layer deposition temperature on switching properties of HfOx resistive RAM devices At IEEE International Symposium. 01 - 05 Jun 2014.

Huang, Ruomeng, Sun, Sun Kai, Kiang, Kian S., Morgan, Katrina and de Groot, C.H. (2016) Forming-free resistive switching of tunable ZnO films grown by atomic layer deposition Microelectronic Engineering, 161, pp. 7-12. (doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.03.038).

Huang, Ruomeng, Benjamin, Sophie, Gurnani, Chitra, Wang, Yudong, Hector, Andrew, Levason, William, Reid, Gill and de Groot, Kees (2016) Nanoscale arrays of antimony telluride single crystals by selective chemical vapor deposition Scientific Reports, 6, (27593), pp. 1-10. (doi:10.1038/srep27593).

Morgan, Katrina, de Groot, Kees, Fan, Junqing, Gowers, Robert and Jiang, Liudi (2016) Switching mechanisms of Cu/SiC resistive memories with W and Au counter electrodes At 74th Device Research Conference, United States. 19 - 22 Jun 2016. 2 pp.

Muskens, Otto L., Bergamini, Luca, Wang, Yudong, Gaskell, Jeffrey M., Zabala, Nerea, de Groot, C.H., Sheel, David W. and Aizpurua, Javier (2016) Antenna-assisted picosecond control of nanoscale phase-transition in vanadium dioxide Light : Science & Applications, pp. 1-25. (doi:10.1038/lsa.2016.173).

Chatzikyriakou, Eleni, Potter, Kenneth, Redman-White, William and de Groot, Kees (2016) Three-dimensional Finite Elements method simulation of Total Ionizing Dose in 22 nm bulk nFinFETs Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, pp. 1-5. (doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2016.09.007).

Chatzikyriakou, Eleni and De Groot, Cornelis (2016) Dataset: RDF and TID simulation of PDSOI 45nm MOSFET University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/403024 [Dataset]

Chatzikyriakou, Eleni, Redman-White, William and de Groot, Kees (2016) Total Ionizing Dose, Random Dopant Fluctuations and its combined effect in the 45 nm PDSOI node Microelectronics Reliability, pp. 1-9. (doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2016.11.007).

Fan, Junqing, Jiang, Liudi, Wang, Shuncai, Huang, Ruomeng, Morgan, Katrina, Zhong, Le and De Groot, Cornelis (2016) Dataset for Amorphous SiC resistive memory with embedded Cu nanoparticles University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/403082 [Dataset]

Hakim, M.M.A., de Groot, C.H., Hall, S. and Ashburn, Peter (2016) Drain current multiplication in thin pillar vertical MOSFETs due to depletion isolation and charge coupling Journal of Computational Electronics, 15, (3), pp. 839-849. (doi:10.1007/s10825-016-0853-y).

Fan, Junqing, Jiang, Liudi, Wang, Shuncai, Huang, Ruomeng, Morgan, Katrina, Zhong, Le and de Groot, Kees (2017) Amorphous SiC resistive memory with embedded Cu nanoparticles [in special issue: Micro/Nano Devices and Systems Edited by Bernhard Jakoby and Roman Beigelbeck] Microelectronic Engineering, 174, pp. 1-5. (doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.12.005).

Chatzikyriakou, Eleni, Morgan, Katrina, Ashburn, Peter, Redman-White, William and De Groot, Cornelis (2016) Total Ionizing Dose and random dopant fluctuation effects in 65-nm gate length partially depleted Silicon-on-Insulator nMOSFETs In 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO). IEEE., pp. 659-662. (doi:10.1109/NANO.2015.7388691).

Riedel, Christoph A., Sun, Kai, Muskens, Otto L. and De Groot, Kees (2017) Nanoscale modeling of electro-plasmonic tunable devices for modulators and metasurfaces Optics Express, 25, (9), p. 10031. (doi:10.1364/OE.25.010031).

Huang, Ruomeng, Yan, Xingzhao, Ye, Sheng, Kashtiban, Reza J., Beanland, Richard, Morgan, Katrina A., Charlton, Martin D.B. and de Groot, C.H. (2017) Compliance-free ZrO2/ZrO2−x/ZrO2 resistive memory with controllable interfacial multistate switching behaviour Nanoscale Research Letters, 12, (384) (doi:10.1186/s11671-017-2155-0).

Morgan, K.A., Fan, J., Huang, R., Zhong, L., Gowers, R., Ou, J.-Y., Jiang, L. and de Groot, C.H. (2017) Active counter electrode in a-SiC electrochemical metallization memory Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

Huang, Ruomeng, Yan, Xingzhao, Morgan, Katrina A., Charlton, Martin D.B. and De Groot, C.H. (Kees) (2017) Selection by current compliance of negative and positive bipolar resistive switching behaviour in ZrO2−x/ZrO2 bilayer memory Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 50, (17) (doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aa64bc).

Chatzikyriakou, Eleni, Potter, Kenneth and De Groot, Cornelis (2017) A systematic method for simulating total ionizing dose effects using the finite elements method Journal of Computational Electronics, pp. 1-8. (doi:10.1007/s10825-017-1027-2).

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