The University of Southampton

Research

Publications

Khelifa, B.M., Carlin, H., Carter, J., Silanovski, A., Thomas, G. and Newman, S.J. (2002) Pilot workload assessment using flight simulation At 28th European Rotorcraft Forum. 17 - 20 Sep 2002. , pp. 1-15.

Yam, ChewYean, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2004) Automated person recognition by walking and running via model-based approaches Pattern Recognition, 37, (5), pp. 1057-1072. (doi:10.1016/j.patcog.2003.09.012).

Cunado, David, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2003) Automatic extraction and description of human gait models for recognition purposes Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 90, (1), pp. 1-41. (doi:10.1016/S1077-3142(03)00008-0).

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2005) Force field feature extraction for ear biometrics Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 98, (3), pp. 491-512. (doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2004.11.001).

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) Force field energy functionals for image feature extraction Image and Vision Computing, 20, (5-6), pp. 311-317. (doi:10.1016/S0262-8856(02)00003-3).

Hayfron-Acquah, James, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2003) Automatic gait recognition by symmetry analysis [in special issue: Audio- and Video-based Biometric Person Authentication (AVBPA 2001)] Pattern Recognition Letters, 24, (13), pp. 2175-2183. (doi:10.1016/S0167-8655(03)00086-2).

Nixon, M.S. and Carter, J.N. (2006) Automatic recognition by gait Proceedings of the IEEE, 94, (11), pp. 2013-2024. (doi:10.1109/JPROC.2006.886018).

Carter, J.N., Smart, R.G., Tropper, A.C., Hanna, D.C., Davey, S.T. and Szebesta, D. (1992) High efficiency amplification and low threshold lasing at 0.8µm in a thulium-doped fluorozirconate fibre At CLEO'92: Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics, United States. 10 - 15 May 1992.

Smart, R.G., Carter, J.N., Tropper, A.C., Hanna, D.C., Carter, S.F. and Szebesta, D. (1991) A high gain Tm3+ fluorozirconate fibre amplifier operating in the 0.8µm region At 3rd European Quantum Electronics Conference & 10th National Quantum Electronics Conference, United Kingdom. 27 - 30 Aug 1991.

Smart, R.G., Carter, J.N., Tropper, A.C. and Hanna, D.C. (1991) Infrared thulium-doped fluorozirconate fibre lasers At CLEO'91: Conference Lasers and Electro-optics, United States. 01 Jan 1991.

Carter, J.N., Smart, R.G., Tropper, A.C. and Hanna, D.C. (1991) Thulium doped fluorozirconate fibre lasers At 7th International symposium on halide glasses, Australia. 01 Mar 1991.

Carter, J.N., Hanna, D.C., Smart, R.G. and Tropper, A.C. (1991) Thulium-doped fluorozirconate fibre lasers operating at around 0.8µm, 1.47µm, 1.9µm and 2.3µm pumped at 0.79µm At Advanced Solid State Lasers Conference (ASSL 91), United States. 01 Jan 1991.

Kishi, N., Carter, J.N., Mottahadeh, R., Morkel, P.R., Smart, R.G., Seeds, A.J., Roberts, J.S., Button, C.C., Payne, D.N., Tropper, A.C. and Hanna, D.C. (1992) Actively mode-locked and passively Q-switched operation of a thulium-doped fibre laser using a multi-quantum-well asymmetric Fabry-Perot modulator Electronics Letters, 28, (2), pp. 175-177. (doi:10.1049/el:19920109).

Tropper, A.C., Carter, J.N., Lauder, R.D.T., Hanna, D.C., Davey, S.T. and Szebesta, D. (1994) Analysis of blue and red laser performance of the infrared-pumped praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber laser Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 11, (5), pp. 886-893. (doi:10.1364/JOSAB.11.000886).

Carter, J.N., Smart, R.G., Tropper, A.C. and Hanna, D.C. (1992) Thulium-doped fluorozirconate fibre lasers Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 140, pp. 10-15. (doi:10.1016/S0022-3093(05)80732-X).

Ross, G.W., Carter, J.N., James, S.W., Eason, R.W., Kashyap, R., Davey, S.T. and Szebesta, D. (1993) Phase conjugate fluorozirconate fibre laser operating at 800nm Optics Letters, 17, (23), pp. 1676-1678. (doi:10.1364/OL.17.001676).

Carter, J.N., Smart, R.G., Tropper, A.C., Hanna, D.C., Carter, S.F. and Szebesta, D. (1991) Theoretical and experimental investigation of a resonantly pumped thulium doped fluorozirconate fiber amplifier at around 810 nm IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, 9, (11), pp. 1548-1553. (doi:10.1109/50.97645).

Smart, R.G., Carter, J.N., Tropper, A.C., Hanna, D.C., Carter, S.F. and Szebesta, D. (1991) A 20dB gain thulium-doped fluorozirconate fibre amplifier operating at around 0.8µm Electronics Letters, 27, (13), pp. 1123-1124. (doi:10.1049/el:19910701).

Carter, J.N., Smart, R.G., Hanna, D.C. and Tropper, A.C. (1990) Lasing and amplification in the 0.8µm region in thulium doped fluorozirconate fibres Electronics Letters, 26, (21), pp. 1759-1761. (doi:10.1049/el:19901130).

Carter, J.N., Smart, R.G., Hanna, D.C. and Tropper, A.C. (1990) CW diode-pumped operation of a 1.97µm thulium doped fluorozirconate fibre laser Electronics Letters, 26, (9), pp. 599-600. (doi:10.1049/el:19900394).

Mohammad, M., Moore, E., Carter, J.N., Shadle, C.H. and Gunn, S.R. (1997) Using MRI to Image the Moving Vocal Tract during Speech At Eurospeech '97. , 2027--2030.

Benn, D.E., Nixon, M.S. and Carter, J.N., (1997) Robust Eye Centre Extraction using the Hough Transform Bigun, J., Chollet, G. and Borgefors, G. (eds.) At Proceedings of 1st Int. Conf. on Audio- and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication. , 3--9.

Cunado, D., Nixon, M.S. and Carter, J.N., (1997) Using gait as a biometric, via phase-weighted magnitude spectra Bigun, J., Chollet, G. and Borgefors, G. (eds.) At Proceedings of 1st Int. Conf. on Audio- and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication. , 95--102.

Shadle, C.H., Carter, J.N., Monks, T.P. and Field, J. (1994) Depth Measurement of Face and Palate by Structured Light s.n.

Davies, C.J., Nixon, M.S. and Carter, J.N. (1994) Acquisition of Surface Normal Vectors via Coloured Spot Projection s.n.

Davies, C.J., Nixon, M.S. and Carter, J.N. (1995) A New Hough Transform Mapping for 3D Imaging via Coloured Spots s.n.

Shadle, C.H., Mair, S.J., Carter, J.N. and Millner, N. (1995) The effect of vowel context on acoustic characteristics of [c,x] s.n.

Carter, J.N., Shadle, C.H. and Davies, C.J. (1996) On the use of structured light in speech research At ETRW - 4th Speech Prod. Seminar. , 229--232.

Shadle, C.H., Mair, S.J. and Carter, J.N. (1996) Acoustic characteristics of the front fricatives [f, v, th, eth] At ETRW - 4th Speech Prod. Seminar. , 193--196.

Shadle, C.H., Mair, S.J., Carter, J.N. and Millner, N. (1995) The effect of vowel context on acoustic characteristics of [c, x] At Proc. of the XIIIth Int. Cong. of Phonetic Sciences.

Monks, T.P. and Carter, J. (1995) Measuring the shape of time-varying objects University of Southampton, Electronics and Computer Science, Doctoral Thesis .

Chiu, W.S.C., Shadle, C.H. and Carter, J.N. (1995) Quantitative measures of the palate using enhanced electropalatography European J. Disordered Communication, 30, 149--160.

Shadle, C.H., Carter, J.N., Monks, T.P. and Field, J.K. (1993) Depth Measurement of Face and Palate by Structured Light At Proc. of Eurospeech '93. , pp. 1745-1748.

Hemus, M.D. and Carter, J.N., (1993) Parameterisation of Simple Geometrical Lambertian Surfaces using Photometric Stereo Chetverikov, D. and Kropatsch, W. (eds.) At Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , 523--527.

Monks, T.P. and Carter, J.N., (1993) Improved stripe matching for colour encoded structured light Chetverikov, D. and Kropatsch, W. (eds.) At Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , 476--485.

Carter, J.N. and Nixon, M.S. (1990) An Integrated Biometric Database At Colloq. on Electronic Images and Image Processing in Security and Forensic Science. , 4/1--4/5.

Carter, J.N., Matthews, T.R. and Shadle, C.H. (1990) A three-Dimensional measurement system for speech research based on structured light At Applications of Digital Image Processing XIII. , 378--387.

Badin, P., Shadle, C.H., Pham Thi Ngoc, Y., Carter, J.N., Chiu, W.S.C., Scully, C. and Stromberg, K. (1994) Frication and aspiration noise sources: Contribution of experimental data to articulatory synthesis At Proc. Int. Conf. on Speech and Language Processing. , 163--166.

Nixon, M.S., Carter, J.N. and Jia, X.. (1992) On Biometric Systems At Colloq. on Systems Aspects of Machine Vision Systems. , 4/1-4/4.

Monks, T.P., Carter, J.N. and Shadle, C.H. (1992) A Real-Time 3-D Digitization System for Speech Research At Int. Conf. on Biomedical Image Processing and Three-Dimensional Microscopy. , p. 9.

Monks, T.P., Carter, J.N. and Shadle, C.H. (1992) Colour-Encoded Structured Light for Digitisation of Real-Time 3D Data At 4th Int. Conf. on Image Processing. , 327--330.

Carter, J.N., Monks, T.P., Paulson, C.N. and Shadle, C.H., (1993) The design and development of a 4D Scanner Tescher, A.G. (ed.) At Applications of Digital Image Processing XV. , 149--159.

Carter, J.N. and Nixon, M.S. (1993) On the Potential for Computer Vision in Group Project Work At Colloq. on The Teaching of Digital Image Processing in UK Universities. , 8/1--8/4.

Badin, P., Scadle, C.H., Pham, T.N.Y., Carter, J.N., Chiu, W.S.C., Scully, A. and Stromberg, K. (1994) Frication and Aspiration Noise Sources: Contribution of experimental data to articulatory synthesis At Proc. Int. Conf. on Spoken Language Processing.

Shadle, C.H., Mohammad, M., Carter, J.N. and Jackson, P.J.B. (1999) Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging: new tools for speech research At 14th Int. Cong. Phon. Sci.. , pp. 623-6.

Nixon, M. S., Carter, J. N., Cunado, D., Huang, P. S. and Stevenage, S. V., (1999) Automatic Gait Recognition Jain, A. K., Bolle, R. and Pankanti, S. (eds.) In Biometrics: Personal Identification in Networked Society. Kluwer Academic Publishers., pp. 231-250.

(1998) Electronic Proceedings of the ninth British Machine Vision Conference BMVC98 Carter, J. N. and Nixon, M. S. (eds.)

Ng, L. S., Nixon, M. S. and Carter, J. N. (1998) Combining Feature Sets for Texture Extraction At Proc. IEEE Southwest Symposium on Image Analysis and Interpretation. , pp. 103-108.

Cunado, David, Nash, Jason M., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (1999) Gait Extraction and Description by Evidence-Gathering At Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Audio- and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication AVBPA99. , pp. 43-48.

Benn, D. E., Nixon, M. S. and Carter, J. N. (1999) Extending Concentricity Analysis by Deformable Templates for Improved Eye Extraction At Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Audio- and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication AVBPA99. , pp. 1-6.

Cunado, David, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (1998) Extracting a Human Gait Model for use as a Biometric At IEE Colloquium "Computer Vision for Virtual Human Modelling". , 11/1-11/4.

Nixon, Mark S., Carter, John N., Nash, Jason M., Huang, Ping S., Cunado, David and Stevenage, Sarah V. (1999) Automatic Gait Recognition At IEE Colloquium "Motion Analysis and Tracking". , 3/1-3/6.

Ng, L. S., Nixon, M. S. and Carter, J. N., (1998) Combined Feature Sets for Texture Extraction Singh, S. (ed.) At Proceedings of the International Conference on Applications of Pattern Recognition ICAPR '98. , pp. 35-44.

Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (1999) On Measuring Gait Signatures which are Invariant to their Trajectory Measurement and Control, 32, (9), pp. 265-269.

Cunado, David, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N., (1999) Automatic Gait Recognition via Model-Based Evidence Gathering O'Gorman, Larry and Shellhammer, Steve (eds.) At Proceedings AutoID '99: IEEE Workshop on Identification Advanced Technologies. , pp. 27-30.

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N., (1999) Force Field Energy Functionals for Image Feature Extraction Pridmore, Tony and Elliman, David (eds.) At Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference 1999, BMVC99. , pp. 604-613.

Nash, Jason M., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (1997) Velocity Hough Transform: A new technique for dynamic feature extraction At Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing ICIP 97. , pp. 386-389.

Nash, Jason M., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S., (1998) Extraction of Moving Articulated-Objects by Evidence Gathering Lewis, Paul H. and Nixon, Mark S. (eds.) At Proceedings of the Ninth British Machine Vision Conference BMVC98. , pp. 609-618.

Nash, Jason M., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (1997) Dynamic Feature Extraction via the Velocity Hough Transform Pattern Recognition Letters, 18, (10), pp. 1035-1047.

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2000) Automatic Ear Recognition by Force Field Transformations At IEE Colloquium: Visual Biometrics. , 8/1-8/5.

Hurley, D. J., Nixon, M. S. and Carter, J. N., (1999) Force Field Energy Functionals for Image Feature Extraction Pridmore, T. and Elliman, D. (eds.) At Proc. 10th British Machine Vision Conference BMVC99. , pp. 604-613.

Ng, Liang Shing, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (1999) Combining Multiple Features in Texture Classification University of Southampton Doctoral Thesis .

Nash, Jason M., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (1999) Evidence Gathering for Dynamic Feature Extraction University of Southampton Doctoral Thesis .

Murray, D C, Siabi-Shahrivar, N, Evans, A G R, Redman-White, W, Carter, J C and Altrip, J L (1989) Increased low frequency noise generating defects in today's CMOS/BICMOS technologies At European Materials Research Conference, France.

Sharman, Karl J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2000) Non-Invasive 3D Dynamic Object Analysis At Proc 4th IEEE Southwest Symposium on Image Analysis and Interpretation. , pp. 214-218.

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2000) A NEW FORCE FIELD TRANSFORM FOR EAR AND FACE RECOGNITION At Proceedings of the IEEE 2000 International Conference on Image Processing ICIP2000. , pp. 25-28.

Sharman, Karl J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2000) Towards a Markerless Human Gait Analysis System At Proc. XIX Congress of the International Society for Photgrammetry and Remote Sensing. , pp. 713-719.

Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2000) On Measuring Trajectory-Invariant Gait Signatures At Proc. XIX Congress of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. , pp. 114-121.

Hayfron-Acquah, James B., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2001) Automatic Gait Recognition via the Generalised Symmetry Operator At BMVA Workshop Understanding Visual Behaviour.

Lappas, P., Carter, J. N. and Damper, R. I. (2002) Robust evidence-based object tracking Pattern Recognition Letters, 23, (1-3), pp. 253-260.

Hayfron-Acquah, James B., Nixon, Mark. S. and Carter, John N., (2001) Automatic Gait Recognition by Symmetry Analysis Bigun, Josef and Smeraldi, Fabrizio (eds.) At Audio-and-Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication. , pp. 272-277.

Lappas, P., Carter, J. N. and Damper, R. I. (2001) Object tracking via the dynamic velocity Hough transform At IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Greece. , pp. 371-374.

Yam, ChewYean, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2001) Extended Model-Based Automatic Gait Recognition of Walking and Running At Proceedings of 3rd Int. Conf. on Audio- and Video-Based Biometric Person Authentication, AVBPA 2001. , pp. 278-283.

Yam, ChewYean, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) Gait Recognition By Walking and Running: A Model-Based Approach At Proceedings Asian Conference on Computer Vision, ACCV 2002. , pp. 1-6.

Hayfron-Acquah, James B., Nixon, Mark. S. and carter, John N. (2001) Recognising Human and Animal Movement by Symmetry At Int. Conf. on Image Processing, ICIP 2001. , pp. 290-293.

Laxmi, V., Carter, J. N. and Damper, R. I. (2002) Biologically-motivated human gait classifiers At Third IEEE Workshop on Automatic Identification Advanced Technologies, AutoID'02. , pp. 17-22.

Yam, ChewYean, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) Performance Analysis on New Biometric Gait Motion Model At Proceedings of Southwest Symposium on Image Analysis and Interpretation.

Yam, ChewYean, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) On the Relationship of Human Walking and Running: Automatic Person Identification by Gait At International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2002). , pp. 287-290.

Spencer, Nicholas M. and Carter, John N. (2002) Viewpoint Invarience in Automatic Gait Recognition At Proceedings of Third IEEE Workshop on Automatic Identification Advanced Technologies, AutoID'02. , pp. 1-6.

Laxmi, V., Carter, J. N. and Damper, R. I. (2002) Biologically-inspired human motion detection At 10th European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Belgium. , pp. 95-100.

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) Force Field Energy Functionals for Image Feature Extraction Image and Vision Computing, 20, pp. 311-317.

Hayfron-Acquah, James, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) Human Identification by Spatio-Temporal Symmetry At International Conference on Pattern Recognition. , pp. 632-635.

Sharman, Karl, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2002) Extraction and description of 3D (articulated) moving objects At First International Symposium on 3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, Italy. 19 - 21 Jun 2002. , pp. 664-667.

Yam, Chew Y, Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2002) Automated Markerless Analysis of Human Walking and Running by Computer Vision At IV World Congress on Biomechanics, Canada. , no pages-(CD.

Shutler, Jamie, Grant, Mike, Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2002) On a Large Sequence-Based Human Gait Database At Fourth International Conference on Recent Advances in Soft Computing, United Kingdom. , pp. 66-72.

Yam, Chew Y, Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2002) Automated Non-Invasive Human Locomotion Extraction Invariant to Camera Sagittal View At International Congress on Biomedical and Medical Engineering, Singapore. , no pages-(CD).

Hayfron-Acquah, James, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2003) Automatic gait recognition by symmetry analysis Pattern Recognition Letters, 24, pp. 2175-2183.

Carter, J. N., Lappas, P. and Damper, R. I. (2003) Evidence-based object tracking via global energy maximization At IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME 2003). , pp. 185-188.

Lappas, P., Damper, R. I. and Carter, J. N. (2003) Feature tracking in an energy maximization framework At IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, China. , pp. 3109-3114.

Nixon, Mark S., Carter, John N., Grant, Michael G., Gordon, Layla G. and Hayfron-Acquah, James B. (2003) Automatic recognition by gait: progress and prospects Sensor Review, 23, (4), pp. 323-331.

Myerscough, Peter J, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N., (2003) Guiding Optical Flow Estimation Harvey, Richard and Bagham, J. Andrew (eds.) At British Machine Vision Conference. , pp. 681-690.

Prismall, Stuart P., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2003) ACCURATE OBJECT RECONSTRUCTION BY STATISTICAL MOMENTS At VIE 2003, United Kingdom. , pp. 1-5.

Prismall, Stuart P., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N., (2003) Novel Temporal Views of Moving Objects for Gait Biometrics Kittler, Josef and Nixon, Mark S. (eds.) At Audio Visual Biometric Person Authentication. , pp. 725-733.

Prismall, Stuart P., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N., (2002) On Moving Object Reconstruction By Moments Marshall, Dave and Rosin, Paul (eds.) At British Machine Vision Conference. , pp. 1-10.

Yam, Chew Yean, Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2004) Automated person recognition by walking and running via model-based approaches Pattern Recognition, 37, (5)

Veres, Galina, Gordon, Layla, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2004) What image information is important in silhouette-based gait recognition At IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition conference.

Nixon, M. S. and Carter, J. N. (2004) Advances in Automatic Gait Recognition At IEEE Face and Gesture Analysis 2004, FG04. , pp. 11-16.

Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2004) ON GAIT AS A BIOMETRIC: PROGRESS AND PROSPECTS At Proc. EUSIPCO 2004.

Hurley, David J., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2005) Force field feature extraction for ear biometrics Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 98, pp. 491-512.

Avila-Garcia, M. S., Carter, J. N. and Damper, R. I. (2004) Extracting tongue shape dynamics from magnetic resonance image sequences At International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP 2004), Turkey. , pp. 288-291.

Lappas, P., Damper, R. I. and Carter, J. N. (2006) Object tracking by energy maximization Soft Computing, 10, (1), pp. 20-26.

Middleton, Lee, Wong, Sylvia C, Jewell, Michael O, Carter, John N and Nixon, Mark S, (2005) Lightweight Agent Framework for Camera Array Applications Khosla, Rajiv, Howlett, Robert J. and Jain, Lakhmi C. (eds.) At 9th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems (KES), Australia. 14 - 16 Sep 2005. , pp. 150-156.

Middleton, Lee, Wong, Sylvia C., Jewell, Michael O., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2005) A middleware for a large array of cameras At IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Canada. 02 - 06 Aug 2005. , pp. 3682-3687.

Veres, Galina V, Nixon, Mark S, Middleton, Lee and Carter, John N. (2005) Fusion of dynamic and static features for gait recognition over time At Eighth International Conference of Information Fusion, United States. 25 - 29 Jul 2005.

Spencer, Nicholas and Carter, John (2005) TOWARDS POSE INVARIANT GAIT RECONSTRUCTION IEEE International Conference On Image Processing, 3, pp. 261-264.

Avila-Garcia, M. S., Carter, J. N. and Damper, R. I. (2005) Automatic extraction of tongue shape dynamics from magnetic resonance image sequences At 10th International Conference on Speech and Computer (SPECOM2005), Greece. , pp. 119-122.

Veres, Galina, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John, (2005) Modelling the time-variant covariates for gait recognition Kanade, T, Jain, A.K. and Ratha, N.K. (eds.) At AVBPA2005, Lecture Notes in Computer Science,, United States. 20 - 22 Jul 2005. , pp. 597-606.

Veres, Galina, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2005) Model-based approaches for predicting gait changes over time At International Workshop on Pattern Recognition.

Laxmi, V., Damper, R. I. and Carter, J. N. (2006) Human and machine perception of biological motion Cognitive Systems Research, 7, (4), pp. 339-356.

Middleton, Lee, Wagg, David K., Bazin, Alex I., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2006) Developing a non-intrusive biometric environment At IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), China. 11 - 13 Oct 2006.

Rahmalan, Hidayah, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2006) On Crowd Density Estimation for Surveillance At International Conference on Crime Detection and Prevention, United Kingdom.

Middleton, Lee, Wagg, David K., Bazin, Alex I., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2006) A smart environment for biometric capture At IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, China.

Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2006) Automatic Recognition by Gait Proceedings of the IEEE, 94, (11), pp. 2013-2024.

Goffredo, Michela, Spencer, Nicholas, Pearce, Daniel, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2007) Human Perambulation as a Self Calibrating Biometric In, Lecture Notes in Computer Science - Analysis and Modeling of Faces and Gestures. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg pp. 139-153.

Goffredo, Michela, Seely, Richard D., Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2008) Markerless View Independent Gait Analysis with Self-camera Calibration At IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition 2008, Netherlands. 17 - 19 Sep 2008.

Goffredo, Michela, Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2008) Front-view Gait Recognition At IEEE Second International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 08), United States. 29 Sep - 01 Oct 2008.

Seely, Richard David, Samangooei, Sina, Middleton, Lee, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2008) The University of Southampton Multi-Biometric Tunnel and introducing a novel 3D gait dataset At Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, United States.

Goffredo, Michela, Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2008) Performance Analysis for Gait in Camera Networks At ACM Workshop on Analysis and Retrieval of Events, Actions, and Workflows in Video Streams, Canada.

Bouchrika, Imed, Goffredo, Michela, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2009) Covariate Analysis for View-point Independent Gait Recognition At The 3rd IAPR/IEEE International Conference on Biometrics, Italy.

Seely, Richard, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2008) Spatio-temporal 3D Gait Recognition At 3D Video – Analysis, Display and Applications, United Kingdom.

Seely, Richard, Goffredo, Michela, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2009) View Invariant Gait Recognition In, Handbook of Remote Biometrics: for Surveillance and Security. Springer pp. 61-82.

Goffredo, Michela, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2008) 2D Markerless Gait Analysis At 4th European Congress for Medical And Biomedical Engineering 2008.

Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2009) Recognizing People in Non-Intersecting Camera Views International Conference on Imaging for Crime Detection and Prevention

Goffredo, Michela, Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2009) Performance Analysis for Automated Gait Extraction and Recognition in Multi-Camera Surveillance Journal of Multimedia Tools and Application

Goffredo, Michela, Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2009) Self-calibrating view-invariant gait biometrics IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Part B, 40, (4), 997 -1008. (doi:10.1109/TSMCB.2009.2031091). (PMID:19884085).

Cummings, Alastair, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2010) Circle Detection Using the Image Ray Transform At VISAPP, France. 17 - 21 May 2010.

Matovski, Darko, Nixon, Mark, Mahmoodi, Sasan and Carter, John (2010) The Effect of Time on the Performance of Gait Biometrics At IEEE Fourth Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, United States.

Cummings, Alastair, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2010) A Novel Ray Analogy for Enrolment of Ear Biometrics At IEEE Fourth Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems, United States.

Nixon, Mark S., Bouchrika, Imed, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Carter, John N. (2010) On use of biometrics in forensics: gait and ear At European Signal Processing Conference, Denmark. 23 - 27 Aug 2010.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2010) On Supervised Human Activity Analysis for Structured Environments At 6th International Symposium on Visual Computing (ISVC10), United States. 01 Nov - 01 Dec 2010.

Matovski, Darko, Nixon, Mark, Mahmoodi, Sasan and Carter, John (2012) The effect of time on gait recognition performance IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 7, (2), pp. 543-552. (doi:10.1109/TIFS.2011.2176118).

Bouchrika, Imed, Goffredo, Michaela, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2011) On Using Gait in Forensic Biometrics Journal of Forensic Sciences, 56, (4), pp. 882-889. (doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2011.01793.x).

Veres, Galina, Middleton, Lee, Sabeur, Zoheir, Bouchrika, Imed, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Carter, John, Nixon, Mark, Grabner, Helmut, Stalder, Severin, Van Gool, Luc, Morzinger, Roland, Thaler, Marcus, Rene, Schuster, Albert, Hofman and Thallinger, Georg (2010) Tools for semi-automatic monitoring of industrial workflows At ACM Multimedia 2010, Italy. 25 - 29 Oct 2010.

Waller, Ben, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2011) Texture Segmentation by Evidence Gathering At 3rd BMVC Workshop, United Kingdom.

Cummings, Alastair H., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2011) The image ray transform for structural feature detection Pattern Recognition Letters, 32, (15), pp. 2053-2060. (doi:10.1016/j.patrec.2011.08.020).

Samangooei, Sina, Bustard, John, Seely, Richard, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2011) On Acquisition and Analysis of a Dataset Comprising of Gait, Ear and Semantic data In, Multibiometrics for Human Identification. CUP pp. 277-301.

Waller, Ben M, Nixon, Mark S and Carter, John N (2012) Colour texture segmentation using evidence gathering At 1st IET Image Processing Conference, United Kingdom. 03 - 04 Jul 2012. 6 pp.

Waller, Ben M., Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2012) Analysing Micro- and Macro-Structures in Textures At 8th International Conference on Signal Image Technology and Internet Based Systems, Italy. 25 - 29 Nov 2012. 8 pp.

Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2013) The way we walk [in special issue: Expert Witness Supplement] Solicitors Journal, Spring Issue, pp. 15-16.

Matovski, Darko, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2013) Gait recognition In, Ikeuchi, Katsushi (eds.) Encyclopedia of Computer Vision. Springer Science+Business Media

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Carter, John N. and Nixon, M.S. (2013) On hierarchical modelling of motion for workflow analysis from overhead view Machine Vision and Applications (doi:10.1007/s00138-013-0528-7).

Abuzaina, Anas, Alathari, Thamer, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2013) Sphere detection in Kinect point clouds via the 3D Hough transform At 15th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, United Kingdom. 27 - 29 Aug 2013.

Abuzaina, Anas, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2013) Detecting moving spheres in 3D point clouds via the 3D velocity Hough transform At 11th IEEE Image, Video and Multidimensional Signal Processing Workshop, Korea, Republic of. 10 - 12 Jun 2013.

Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John N., Nixon, Mark S., Mörzinger, Rudolf and Thallinger, George (2010) International Conference on Pattern Recognition At International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Turkey. , pp. 3097-3100.

Bustard, John, Carter, John N., Nixon, Mark S. and Hadid, Abdenour (2014) Measuring and mitigating targeted biometric impersonation IET Biometrics, pp. 1-7. (doi:10.1049/iet-bmt.2013.0054).

Bustard, John, Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2013) Targeted impersonation as a tool for the detection of biometric system vulnerabilities At 2013 IEEE Sixth International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS), United States. 29 Sep - 02 Oct 2013. , pp. 1-6. (doi:10.1109/BTAS.2013.6712744).

Bustard, John, Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2013) Targeted biometric impersonation At 2013 International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF), Portugal. 04 - 05 Apr 2013. 4 pp.

Waller, Ben, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2013) Image reconstruction from local binary patterns At IEEE International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems (SITIS), Japan. 02 - 05 Dec 2013. , pp. 118-123. (doi:10.1109/SITIS.2013.30).

Bustard, John, Ghahramani,, Mohammad, Carter, John N., Zhao, Guoying, Hadid, Abdenour and Nixon, Mark S. (2014) Gait anti-spoofing In, Sébastien, Marcel, Nixon, Mark and Li, Stan Z. (eds.) Handbook of Biometric Antispoofing: Trusted Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks. London, GB, Springer pp. 147-163. (Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition). (doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-6524-8).

Abuzaina, Anas, Alathari, Thamer, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2013) Detecting moving spheres in 3D point clouds via the 3D velocity Hough Transform At IEEE 11th Image, Video and Multidimensional Signal Processing (IVMSP) Workshop, Korea, Republic of. 10 - 12 Jun 2013. 4 pp. (doi:10.1109/IVMSPW.2013.6611895).

Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John N. and Nixon, Mark S. (2014) Towards automated visual surveillance using gait for identity recognition and tracking across multiple non-intersecting cameras Multimedia Tools and Applications, 75, (2), pp. 1201-1221. (doi:10.1007/s11042-014-2364-9).

Abuzaina, Anas, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2014) 3D moving object reconstruction by temporal accumulation At 2014 22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Sweden. , pp. 2125-2130. (doi:10.1109/ICPR.2014.370).

Makihara, Yasushi, Matovski, Darko, Nixon, M.S., Carter, John N. and Yagi, Yasushi (2015) Gait Recognition: Databases, Representations, and Applications In, Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. Wiley (doi:10.1002/047134608X.W8261).

Martinho-Corbishley, Daniel, Nixon, Mark S. and Carter, John N. (2015) Soft Biometric Recognition from Comparative Crowdsourced Annotations At 6th International Conference on Imaging for Crime Prevention and Detection.

Martinho-Corbishley, Daniel, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2015) Soft Biometric Retrieval to Describe and Identify Surveillance Images At IEEE International Conference on Identity, Security and Behavior Analysis (ISBA 2016), Japan. 29 Feb - 02 Mar 2016. 6 pp.

Abdulsattar, Fatimah Shamsulddin and Carter, John (2016) Performance analysis of gait recognition with large perspective distortion At International Conference on Security and Behaviour Analysis (ISBA 2016), Japan. 6 pp.

Martinho-Corbishley, Daniel, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2016) Analysing comparative soft biometrics from crowdsourced annotations IET Biometrics, 5, (4), pp. 276-283. (doi:10.1049/iet-bmt.2015.0118).

Martinho-Corbishley, Daniel, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2016) On categorising gender in surveillance imagery At IEEE 8th International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS 2016), United States. 06 - 09 Sep 2016.

Abdulsattar, Fatimah and Carter, John (2016) A practical technique for gait recognition on curved and straight trajectories At ICB-2016 The 9th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics, Sweden. 13 - 16 Jun 2016. 6 pp.

Martinho-Corbishley, Daniel, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2016) Retrieving relative soft biometrics for semantic identification At 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR'16), Mexico. 04 - 08 Dec 2016. 6 pp.

Abuzaina, Anas, Nixon, Mark and Carter, John (2016) 3D Motion Estimation By Evidence Gathering At ICPR 2016.

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