The University of Southampton

Dr Banafshe Arbab-Zavar 

I received my PhD in Image Processing from the School of Electronics and Computer Science of the University of Southampton in December 2009. For my thesis, I have developed the first model-based approach to ear biometrics guided by the embryological information of the ear structure. Later on I have worked on: crowd behaviour detection through introduction of novel features inspired by molecular thermodynamics; detection of unusual tsunamigenic events in the Pacific Ocean; predictive models for exacerbation event detection in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients; tracking and recognition of human behaviour in industrial workflows; recognizing plant species from the shape and texture of the leaves; and unusualness detection in traffic flow. My research track record, ideas and plan have contributed to three funded projects (eVACUATE (EU FP7-SEC-2012-1), ZONeSEC (EU FP7-SEC-2013.1.6-3) and EO4wildlife (EU H2020-EO-2-2015)).


Research interests

  • Image processing
  • Model-based feature extraction
  • Human and crowd behaviour analysis
  • Biometrics


Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe (2009) On guided model-based analysis for ear biometrics. University of Southampton, School of Electronics and Computer Science, Doctoral Thesis, 131pp.

Hurley, D.J., Arbab-Zavar, B. and Nixon, M.S. (2007) The ear as a biometric. 15th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO-2007), Poland. 03 - 07 Sep 2007. pp. 25-29 .

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Nixon, Mark and Hurley, David (2007) On Model-Based Analysis of Ear Biometrics. First IEEE International Conference on Biometrics: Theory, Applications, and Systems (BTAS 07), United States. 27 - 29 Sep 2007.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Nixon, Mark (2007) On Shape-Mediated Enrolment in Ear Biometrics. 3rd International Symposium on Visual Computing (ISVC 2007), United States. 26 - 28 Nov 2007.

Hurley, David J., Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Nixon, Mark S. (2007) The Ear as a Biometric. In, Jain, Anil and Flynn, Pat (eds.) Handbook of Biometrics. Berlin, DE. Springer, pp. 131-150.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Nixon, Mark (2008) Robust Log-Gabor Filter for Ear Biometrics. 19th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2008), United States. 08 - 11 Dec 2008.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Nixon, Mark (2011) On guided model-based analysis for ear biometrics. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 115 (4), 487-502. (doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2010.11.014).

Nixon, Mark S., Bouchrika, Imed, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Carter, John N. (2010) On use of biometrics in forensics: gait and ear. European Signal Processing Conference, Denmark. 23 - 27 Aug 2010.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Bouchrika, Imed, Carter, John and Nixon, Mark (2010) On Supervised Human Activity Analysis for Structured Environments. 6th International Symposium on Visual Computing (ISVC10), United States. 01 Nov - 01 Dec 2010.

Veres, Galina, Middleton, Lee, Sabeur, Zoheir, Bouchrika, Imed, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Carter, John, Nixon, Mark, Grabner, Helmut, Stalder, Severin, Van Gool, Luc, Morzinger, Roland, Thaler, Marcus, Rene, Schuster, Albert, Hofman and Thallinger, Georg (2010) Tools for semi-automatic monitoring of industrial workflows. ACM Multimedia 2010, Italy. 25 - 29 Oct 2010.

Sabeur, Z., Arbab-Zavar, B., Samperio, R., Wachter, J., Armigliato, A., Omira, R. and Tinti, S. (2012) Automated detection of tsunamigenic signatures and reporting using multi-scale offshore in situ measurements for early tsunami warning and critical decision-support. [in special issue: EGU General Assembly 2012] Geophysical Research Abstracts, 14 (EGU2012-12411-1).

Arbab-Zavar, B., Chakravarthy, A. and Sabeur, Z. (2012) Geospatial intelligence and visual classification of environmentally observed species in the future Internet. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2012 (EGU 2012), Austria. 22 - 27 Apr 2012.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Carter, John N. and Nixon, M.S. (2013) On hierarchical modelling of motion for workflow analysis from overhead view. Machine Vision and Applications. (doi:10.1007/s00138-013-0528-7).

Sabeur, Zoheir, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Wachter, Joachim, Hammitzsch, Martin, Lowe, Peter, Lendholdt, Matthias, Armigliato, Alberto, Pagnoni, Gianluca, Tinti, Stefano and Omira, Rachid (2013) Modeling and detection of hydrodynamic trends for advancing early-tsunami warnings. ISOPE 2013, United States. 30 Jun - 05 Jul 2013.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Xingjie, Wei, Bustard, John, Nixon, Mark S. and Li, Chang-Tsun (2015) On forensic use of biometrics. In, Handbook of Digital Forensics of Multimedia Data and Devices. Wiley.

Hall-May, Martin, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Houpert, Jorg, Tiensch, Christian, Fassold, Hannes and Engen, Vegard (2015) DAVID D2.2: Analysis of loss modes in preservation systems Southampton, GB. University of Southampton 50pp. (doi:10.7800/304DAVID22).

Correndo, Gianluca, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Zlatev, Zlatko and Sabeur, Zoheir (2015) Context ontology modelling for improving situation awareness and crowd evacuation from confined spaces. Denzer, Ralf, Argent, Robert M., Schimak, Gerald and Hrebicek, Jiri (eds.) In Environmental Software Systems. Infrastructures, Services and Applications. Springer. pp. 407-416 . (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15994-2_41).

Sabeur, Zoheir, Zlatev, Zlatko, Melas, Panagiotis, Veres, Galina, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Middleton, Lee and Museux, Nicolas (2017) Large scale surveillance, detection and alerts information management system for critical infrastructure. Hřebíček, Jiří, Denzer, Ralf, Schimak, Gerald and Pitner, Tomáš (eds.) In Environmental Software Systems. Computer Science for Environmental Protection: 12th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2017, Zadar, Croatia, May 10-12, 2017, Proceedings. vol. %07, Springer. pp. 237-246 . (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-89935-0_20).

Sabeur, Z.A., Correndo, G., Veres, G., Arbab-Zavar, B., Lorenzo, J., Habib, T., Haugommard, A., Martin, F., Zigna, J.-M. and Weller, G. (2017) EO Big Data connectors and analytics for understanding the effects of climate change on migratory trends of marine wildlife. Hřebíček,, Jiří, Denzer, Ralf, Schimak, Gerald and Pitner, Tomáš (eds.) In Environmental Software Systems. Computer Science for Environmental Protection: 12th IFIP WG 5.11 International Symposium, ISESS 2017, Zadar, Croatia, May 10-12, 2017, Proceedings. vol. 507, Springer. pp. 85-94 . (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-89935-0_8).

Sabeur, Zoheir, Correndo, Gianluca, Veres, Galina, Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Neumann, Geoffrey, Ivall, Thomas D, Castel, F, Zigna, J M and Lorenzo, J. (2017) EO big data analytics for the discovery of new trends of marine species habitats in a changing global climate. Soille, Pierre and Marchetti, Pier Giorgio (eds.) In Publications Office of the European Union,, 2017. European Union. pp. 445-448 . (doi:10.2760/383579).

Sabeur, Zoheir, Middleton, Lee J., Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe, Correndo, Gianluca, Doulamis, Nikolaos and Amditis, Aggelos (2015) Multi-modal computer vision for the detection of multi-scale crowd physical motions and behavior in confined spaces. Bebis, G. (ed.) In Advances in Visual Computing. vol. 9474, Springer. pp. 162-173 . (doi:10.1007/978-3-319-27857-5_15).

Sabeur, Zoheir, Correndo, Gianluca, Castel, F., Neumann, Geoffrey, Veres, Galina and Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe (2018) Scalable big data platform, mining and analytics services for optimized forecast of animals habitats. International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software: Modelling for Sustainable Food-Energy-Water Systems, Fort Collins, USA, United States. 24 - 28 Jun 2018.

Arbab-Zavar, Banafshe and Sabeur, Zoheir (2020) Multi-scale crowd feature detection using vision sensing and statistical mechanics principles. Machine Vision and Applications, 31 (26), 1-16. (doi:10.1007/s00138-020-01075-4).


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