Web Science Institute: The era of ‚Äėbig data analytics‚Äô
The University of Southampton‚Äôs Web Science Institute (WSI) is celebrating its first anniversary at a special event in London on Monday 8 June. The WSI brings together world-leading multidisciplinary expertise from Electronics and Computer Science (ECS) and across the University to tackle the most pressing global challenges facing the World Wide Web and wider society today. It focuses on the analytical power of researchers from disciplines as diverse as sociology and computer science, economics and psychology, law and humanities to understand and explain the Web. WSI Director Professor Dame Wendy Hall says: ‚ÄúOne year on from the launch of the Web Science Institute, we celebrate with a showcase of research and an afternoon of debate and discussion. Our theme ‚Äď ‚ÄėPrivacy and Trust in the Era of Big Data analytics‚Äô ‚Äď is one that impacts on everyone in the digital world as personal data becomes a tradeable asset, and carries wide-ranging implications for individuals, business and government.‚ÄĚ The event, at the Digital Catapult, marks a successful first 12 months of the WSI. Outcomes include:
- A number of social media research projects are underway, addressing crucial social science research questions around topics such as immigration, health policy and demographic modelling, by trialling social media data and methods in collaboration with PhD students and the Web Observatory.
- Eight new interdisciplinary projects, supported by the Higher Education Innovation Fund (HEIF), have been progressed to stimulate interactions with business, government, industry and other users of University research.
- As part of the German Embassy Talks series, the WSI took part in presentations, lectures and a panel discussion on the topic ‚ÄėExploring the Emerging Digital Frontiers: From Mind to Market‚Äô.
- In collaboration with ANZOG and the University of South Australia (UNSA), a Web Observatory was installed to help local/regional government understand the issues and opportunities around an ageing population. WSI teams also installed India‚Äôs first Web Observatory in partnership with IIIT Bangalore.
- WSI is collaborating with Southampton City Council to build a Citizens Panel, an innovative form of online engagement which includes the development of citizen social science.
- As part of the Universities of Southampton/Edinburgh/Oxford joint ‚ÄúSocial Machines‚ÄĚ (SOCIAM) project, emergency rescue service managers from three counties were briefed on aspects of social computing and Web Observatories.
The event opens with an exhibition showcasing interdisciplinary Web Science research. This will include the Web Observatory, a new class of scientific instruments designed to take measurements from the Web, and the unique SOCIAM project, which has developed the ‚ÄėMacroscope‚Äô a vital tool for studying the World Wide Web in great detail. With state-of-the-art machine analysis and visualisation techniques, the Macroscope can monitor the daily 500 million posts created on Twitter, 100 million posts on Chinese microblogging site Weibo and 500,000 edits to Wikipedia, amongst others. This enables SOCIAM to see significant effects that may usually be missed - things like trending topics, conversations and collective actions taking place across the Web, and provides analytical insight for Web Scientists and the wider research community.
Institute Directors Professor Dame Wendy Hall, Professor Sir Nigel Shadbolt, Professor Les Carr and Professor Susan Halford will then join other leading figures from Web and internet science, including Sir David Omand, ex head of GCHQ and a member of the Global Commission on Internet Governance, in panel-led discussions on ‚ÄėPrivacy and Trust in the Era of Big Data Analytics‚Äô. Professor Les Carr says: ‚ÄúThe Institute leverages its expertise in computational, social science and humanities research to provide masters and interdisciplinary doctoral training that examines the disruptive effect of the Web‚Äôs data and social media technologies on our personal and professional lives. Our students aim to produce new kinds of cultural and economic value as they work closely with business, industry and government to seize the opportunities for innovation in the digital information economy.‚ÄĚ Professor Susan Halford adds: ‚ÄúThe Web is not a technical system or a social system but thoroughly sociotechnical. Our path-breaking interdisciplinary educational programmes and links with industry, business and government are underpinned by innovative research that allows us to build the capacities we need to understand and intervene in the Web as it continues to evolve.‚ÄĚ